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Sensors 2016, 16(10), 1732; doi:10.3390/s16101732

Routing Topologies of Wireless Sensor Networks for Health Monitoring of a Cultural Heritage Site

1
Instituto de Tecnologías Físicas y de la Información “Leonardo Torres Quevedo” (ITEFI) CSIC, C/Serrano, 144, 28006 Madrid, Spain
2
CEI Campus Moncloa, UCM-UPM y CSIC, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Instituto de Geociencias, IGEO, (CSIC-UCM), C/José Antonio Novais, 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain
4
E.T.S.I. Telecomunicación (UPM), Av. Complutense 30, 28040, Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leonhard M. Reindl
Received: 28 June 2016 / Accepted: 12 September 2016 / Published: 19 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7744 KB, uploaded 19 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

This paper provides a performance evaluation of tree and mesh routing topologies of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in a cultural heritage site. The historical site selected was San Juan Bautista church in Talamanca de Jarama (Madrid, Spain). We report the preliminary analysis required to study the effects of heating in this historical location using WSNs to monitor the temperature and humidity conditions during periods of weeks. To test which routing topology was better for this kind of application, the WSNs were first deployed on the upper floor of the CAEND institute in Arganda del Rey simulating the church deployment, but in the former scenario there was no direct line of sight between the WSN elements. Two parameters were selected to evaluate the performance of the routing topologies of WSNs: the percentage of received messages and the lifetime of the wireless sensor network. To analyze in more detail which topology gave the best performance, other communication parameters were also measured. The tree topology used was the collection tree protocol and the mesh topology was the XMESH provided by MEMSIC (Andover, MA, USA). For the scenarios presented in this paper, it can be concluded that the tree topology lost fewer messages than the mesh topology. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; routing topologies; mesh topology; tree topology; cultural heritage wireless sensor networks; routing topologies; mesh topology; tree topology; cultural heritage
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Aparicio, S.; Martínez-Garrido, M.I.; Ranz, J.; Fort, R.; Izquierdo, M.Á.G. Routing Topologies of Wireless Sensor Networks for Health Monitoring of a Cultural Heritage Site. Sensors 2016, 16, 1732.

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