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Sensors 2016, 16(10), 1685; doi:10.3390/s16101685

A Cooperative Downloading Method for VANET Using Distributed Fountain Code

1
College of Computer and Communication Engineering, China University of Petroleum, Qingdao 266555, China
2
Institute of Computing Technology Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 010190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paolo Bellavista
Received: 30 May 2016 / Revised: 21 August 2016 / Accepted: 26 September 2016 / Published: 12 October 2016
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Abstract

Cooperative downloading is one of the effective methods to improve the amount of downloaded data in vehicular ad hoc networking (VANET). However, the poor channel quality and short encounter time bring about a high packet loss rate, which decreases transmission efficiency and fails to satisfy the requirement of high quality of service (QoS) for some applications. Digital fountain code (DFC) can be utilized in the field of wireless communication to increase transmission efficiency. For cooperative forwarding, however, processing delay from frequent coding and decoding as well as single feedback mechanism using DFC cannot adapt to the environment of VANET. In this paper, a cooperative downloading method for VANET using concatenated DFC is proposed to solve the problems above. The source vehicle and cooperative vehicles encodes the raw data using hierarchical fountain code before they send to the client directly or indirectly. Although some packets may be lost, the client can recover the raw data, so long as it receives enough encoded packets. The method avoids data retransmission due to packet loss. Furthermore, the concatenated feedback mechanism in the method reduces the transmission delay effectively. Simulation results indicate the benefits of the proposed scheme in terms of increasing amount of downloaded data and data receiving rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: cooperative downloading; digital fountain code; VANET cooperative downloading; digital fountain code; VANET
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, J.; Zhang, W.; Wang, Q.; Li, S.; Chen, H.; Cui, X.; Sun, Y. A Cooperative Downloading Method for VANET Using Distributed Fountain Code. Sensors 2016, 16, 1685.

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