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Sensors 2016, 16(10), 1667; doi:10.3390/s16101667

Stretchable Complementary Split Ring Resonator (CSRR)-Based Radio Frequency (RF) Sensor for Strain Direction and Level Detection

School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, College of Engineering, Chung-Ang University, 221 Heukseok-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-756, Korea
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Academic Editors: Ferran Martín and Jordi Naqui
Received: 5 August 2016 / Revised: 30 September 2016 / Accepted: 8 October 2016 / Published: 11 October 2016
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Abstract

In this paper, we proposed a stretchable radio frequency (RF) sensor to detect strain direction and level. The stretchable sensor is composed of two complementary split ring resonators (CSRR) with microfluidic channels. In order to achieve stretchability, liquid metal (eutectic gallium-indium, EGaIn) and Ecoflex substrate are used. Microfluidic channels are built by Ecoflex elastomer and microfluidic channel frames. A three-dimensional (3D) printer is used for fabrication of microfluidic channel frames. Two CSRR resonators are designed to resonate 2.03 GHz and 3.68 GHz. When the proposed sensor is stretched from 0 to 8 mm along the +x direction, the resonant frequency is shifted from 3.68 GHz to 3.13 GHz. When the proposed sensor is stretched from 0 to 8 mm along the −x direction, the resonant frequency is shifted from 2.03 GHz to 1.78 GHz. Therefore, we can detect stretched length and direction from independent variation of two resonant frequencies. View Full-Text
Keywords: stretchable sensor; 3D printing; microfluidic channel; CSRR; EGaIn; Ecoflex stretchable sensor; 3D printing; microfluidic channel; CSRR; EGaIn; Ecoflex
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MDPI and ACS Style

Eom, S.; Lim, S. Stretchable Complementary Split Ring Resonator (CSRR)-Based Radio Frequency (RF) Sensor for Strain Direction and Level Detection. Sensors 2016, 16, 1667.

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