Next Article in Journal
Multi-Wavelength Based Optical Density Sensor for Autonomous Monitoring of Microalgae
Next Article in Special Issue
A Self-Adaptive Behavior-Aware Recruitment Scheme for Participatory Sensing
Previous Article in Journal
Simulations of Interdigitated Electrode Interactions with Gold Nanoparticles for Impedance-Based Biosensing Applications
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Balanced Cross-Layer Design Routing Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Fuzzy Logic
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Sensors 2015, 15(9), 22209-22233; doi:10.3390/s150922209

Real-Time QoS Routing Protocols in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks: Study and Analysis

Computer Science and Engineering Department, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT 06604, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Neal N. Xiong and Xuefeng Liang
Received: 17 June 2015 / Revised: 27 August 2015 / Accepted: 31 August 2015 / Published: 2 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mobile Sensor Computing: Theory and Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1845 KB, uploaded 7 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Many routing protocols have been proposed for wireless sensor networks. These routing protocols are almost always based on energy efficiency. However, recent advances in complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) cameras and small microphones have led to the development of Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks (WMSN) as a class of wireless sensor networks which pose additional challenges. The transmission of imaging and video data needs routing protocols with both energy efficiency and Quality of Service (QoS) characteristics in order to guarantee the efficient use of the sensor nodes and effective access to the collected data. Also, with integration of real time applications in Wireless Senor Networks (WSNs), the use of QoS routing protocols is not only becoming a significant topic, but is also gaining the attention of researchers. In designing an efficient QoS routing protocol, the reliability and guarantee of end-to-end delay are critical events while conserving energy. Thus, considerable research has been focused on designing energy efficient and robust QoS routing protocols. In this paper, we present a state of the art research work based on real-time QoS routing protocols for WMSNs that have already been proposed. This paper categorizes the real-time QoS routing protocols into probabilistic and deterministic protocols. In addition, both categories are classified into soft and hard real time protocols by highlighting the QoS issues including the limitations and features of each protocol. Furthermore, we have compared the performance of mobility-aware query based real-time QoS routing protocols from each category using Network Simulator-2 (NS2). This paper also focuses on the design challenges and future research directions as well as highlights the characteristics of each QoS routing protocol. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless multimedia sensor network (WMSN); quality of service (QoS); routing protocols; energy efficiency; reliability; mobility; real-time wireless multimedia sensor network (WMSN); quality of service (QoS); routing protocols; energy efficiency; reliability; mobility; real-time
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Alanazi, A.; Elleithy, K. Real-Time QoS Routing Protocols in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks: Study and Analysis. Sensors 2015, 15, 22209-22233.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top