A Single-Chip CMOS Pulse Oximeter with On-Chip Lock-In Detection
AbstractPulse oximetry is a noninvasive and continuous method for monitoring the blood oxygen saturation level. This paper presents the design and testing of a single-chip pulse oximeter fabricated in a 0.35 µm CMOS process. The chip includes photodiode, transimpedance amplifier, analogue band-pass filters, analogue-to-digital converters, digital signal processor and LED timing control. The experimentally measured AC and DC characteristics of individual circuits including the DC output voltage of the transimpedance amplifier, transimpedance gain of the transimpedance amplifier, and the central frequency and bandwidth of the analogue band-pass filters, show a good match (within 1%) with the circuit simulations. With modulated light source and integrated lock-in detection the sensor effectively suppresses the interference from ambient light and 1/f noise. In a breath hold and release experiment the single chip sensor demonstrates consistent and comparable performance to commercial pulse oximetry devices with a mean of 1.2% difference. The single-chip sensor enables a compact and robust design solution that offers a route towards wearable devices for health monitoring. View Full-Text
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He, D.; Morgan, S.P.; Trachanis, D.; van Hese, J.; Drogoudis, D.; Fummi, F.; Stefanni, F.; Guarnieri, V.; Hayes-Gill, B.R. A Single-Chip CMOS Pulse Oximeter with On-Chip Lock-In Detection. Sensors 2015, 15, 17076-17088.
He D, Morgan SP, Trachanis D, van Hese J, Drogoudis D, Fummi F, Stefanni F, Guarnieri V, Hayes-Gill BR. A Single-Chip CMOS Pulse Oximeter with On-Chip Lock-In Detection. Sensors. 2015; 15(7):17076-17088.Chicago/Turabian Style
He, Diwei; Morgan, Stephen P.; Trachanis, Dimitrios; van Hese, Jan; Drogoudis, Dimitris; Fummi, Franco; Stefanni, Francesco; Guarnieri, Valerio; Hayes-Gill, Barrie R. 2015. "A Single-Chip CMOS Pulse Oximeter with On-Chip Lock-In Detection." Sensors 15, no. 7: 17076-17088.