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Sensors 2015, 15(7), 16654-16673; doi:10.3390/s150716654

Sparse Recovery Optimization in Wireless Sensor Networks with a Sub-Nyquist Sampling Rate

1
University of Trento, Via Sommarive 9, Trento I-38122, Italy
2
University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, Bologna I-40136, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mohamed F. Younis
Received: 16 February 2015 / Revised: 29 June 2015 / Accepted: 30 June 2015 / Published: 10 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
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Abstract

Compressive sensing (CS) is a new technology in digital signal processing capable of high-resolution capture of physical signals from few measurements, which promises impressive improvements in the field of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). In this work, we extensively investigate the effectiveness of compressive sensing (CS) when real COTSresource-constrained sensor nodes are used for compression, evaluating how the different parameters can affect the energy consumption and the lifetime of the device. Using data from a real dataset, we compare an implementation of CS using dense encoding matrices, where samples are gathered at a Nyquist rate, with the reconstruction of signals sampled at a sub-Nyquist rate. The quality of recovery is addressed, and several algorithms are used for reconstruction exploiting the intra- and inter-signal correlation structures. We finally define an optimal under-sampling ratio and reconstruction algorithm capable of achieving the best reconstruction at the minimum energy spent for the compression. The results are verified against a set of different kinds of sensors on several nodes used for environmental monitoring. View Full-Text
Keywords: compressed sensing; wireless sensor networks; distributed compressed sensing; embedded software; low-power electronics compressed sensing; wireless sensor networks; distributed compressed sensing; embedded software; low-power electronics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Brunelli, D.; Caione, C. Sparse Recovery Optimization in Wireless Sensor Networks with a Sub-Nyquist Sampling Rate. Sensors 2015, 15, 16654-16673.

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