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Sensors 2015, 15(6), 14045-14078; doi:10.3390/s150614045

A Review of Membrane-Based Biosensors for Pathogen Detection

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta, AB T6G 2V4, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexander Star
Received: 29 April 2015 / Revised: 29 May 2015 / Accepted: 5 June 2015 / Published: 15 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biosensors for Pathogen Detection)
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Abstract

Biosensors are of increasing interest for the detection of bacterial pathogens in many applications such as human, animal and plant health, as well as food and water safety. Membranes and membrane-like structures have been integral part of several pathogen detection platforms. Such structures may serve as simple mechanical support, function as a part of the transduction mechanism, may be used to filter out or concentrate pathogens, and may be engineered to specifically house active proteins. This review focuses on membrane materials, their associated biosensing applications, chemical linking procedures, and transduction mechanisms. The sensitivity of membrane biosensors is discussed, and the state of the field is evaluated and summarized. View Full-Text
Keywords: biosensors; pathogens; membranes; bacteria; food safety; water safety biosensors; pathogens; membranes; bacteria; food safety; water safety
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hurk, R.; Evoy, S. A Review of Membrane-Based Biosensors for Pathogen Detection. Sensors 2015, 15, 14045-14078.

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