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Sensors 2015, 15(6), 12377-12388; doi:10.3390/s150612377

Investigation of Two Novel Approaches for Detection of Sulfate Ion and Methane Dissolved in Sediment Pore Water Using Raman Spectroscopy

1
Optics and Optoelectronics Laboratory, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
2
Key Lab of Marine Geology and Environment, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mark A. Arnold
Received: 7 March 2015 / Accepted: 12 May 2015 / Published: 26 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chemical Sensors based on In Situ Spectroscopy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5935 KB, uploaded 26 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

The levels of dissolved sulfate and methane are crucial indicators in the geochemical analysis of pore water. Compositional analysis of pore water samples obtained from sea trials was conducted using Raman spectroscopy. It was found that the concentration of SO42− in pore water samples decreases as the depth increases, while the expected Raman signal of methane has not been observed. A possible reason for this is that the methane escaped after sampling and the remaining concentration of methane is too low to be detected. To find more effective ways to analyze the composition of pore water, two novel approaches are proposed. One is based on Liquid Core Optical Fiber (LCOF) for detection of SO42−. The other one is an enrichment process for the detection of CH4. With the aid of LCOF, the Raman signal of SO42− is found to be enhanced over 10 times compared to that obtained by a conventional Raman setup. The enrichment process is also found to be effective in the investigation to the prepared sample of methane dissolved in water. By CCl4 extraction, methane at a concentration below 1.14 mmol/L has been detected by conventional Raman spectroscopy. All the obtained results suggest that the approach proposed in this paper has great potential to be developed as a sensor for SO42− and CH4 detection in pore water. View Full-Text
Keywords: Raman spectroscopy; sulfate ion; methane; LCOF; CCl4 extraction Raman spectroscopy; sulfate ion; methane; LCOF; CCl4 extraction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Du, Z.; Chen, J.; Ye, W.; Guo, J.; Zhang, X.; Zheng, R. Investigation of Two Novel Approaches for Detection of Sulfate Ion and Methane Dissolved in Sediment Pore Water Using Raman Spectroscopy. Sensors 2015, 15, 12377-12388.

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