Single- and Two-Phase Flow Characterization Using Optical Fiber Bragg Gratings
AbstractSingle- and two-phase flow characterization using optical fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) is presented. The sensor unit consists of the optical fiber Bragg grating positioned transversely to the flow and fixed in the pipe walls. The hydrodynamic pressure applied by the liquid or air/liquid flow to the optical fiber induces deformation that can be detected by the FBG. Given that the applied pressure is directly related to the mass flow, it is possible to establish a relationship using the grating resonance wavelength shift to determine the mass flow when the flow velocity is well known. For two phase flows of air and liquid, there is a significant change in the force applied to the fiber that accounts for the very distinct densities of these substances. As a consequence, the optical fiber deformation and the correspondent grating wavelength shift as a function of the flow will be very different for an air bubble or a liquid slug, allowing their detection as they flow through the pipe. A quasi-distributed sensing tool with 18 sensors evenly spread along the pipe is developed and characterized, making possible the characterization of the flow, as well as the tracking of the bubbles over a large section of the test bed. Results show good agreement with standard measurement methods and open up plenty of opportunities to both laboratory measurement tools and field applications. View Full-Text
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Baroncini, V.H.; Martelli, C.; da Silva, M.J.; Morales, R.E. Single- and Two-Phase Flow Characterization Using Optical Fiber Bragg Gratings. Sensors 2015, 15, 6549-6559.
Baroncini VH, Martelli C, da Silva MJ, Morales RE. Single- and Two-Phase Flow Characterization Using Optical Fiber Bragg Gratings. Sensors. 2015; 15(3):6549-6559.Chicago/Turabian Style
Baroncini, Virgínia H.; Martelli, Cicero; da Silva, Marco J.; Morales, Rigoberto E. 2015. "Single- and Two-Phase Flow Characterization Using Optical Fiber Bragg Gratings." Sensors 15, no. 3: 6549-6559.