Next Article in Journal
Augmenting the Senses: A Review on Sensor-Based Learning Support
Previous Article in Journal
Extracting Association Patterns in Network Communications
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2015, 15(2), 4072-4096; doi:10.3390/s150204072

Development and Integration of a Solar Powered Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and a Wireless Sensor Network to Monitor Greenhouse Gases

1
Institute for Future Environments, School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland University of Technology, 3 George St, Brisbane 4000, Australia
2
School of Electrical Engineering, Computer Science, Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane 4000, QLD, Australia
3
Australian Research Centre for Aerospace Automation (ARCAA), Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane Airport, QLD 4007, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 September 2014 / Accepted: 2 February 2015 / Published: 11 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1951 KB, uploaded 16 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

Measuring gases for environmental monitoring is a demanding task that requires long periods of observation and large numbers of sensors. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) currently represent the best alternative to monitor large, remote, and difficult access areas, as these technologies have the possibility of carrying specialized gas sensing systems. This paper presents the development and integration of a WSN and an UAV powered by solar energy in order to enhance their functionality and broader their applications. A gas sensing system implementing nanostructured metal oxide (MOX) and non-dispersive infrared sensors was developed to measure concentrations of CH4 and CO2. Laboratory, bench and field testing results demonstrate the capability of UAV to capture, analyze and geo-locate a gas sample during flight operations. The field testing integrated ground sensor nodes and the UAV to measure CO2 concentration at ground and low aerial altitudes, simultaneously. Data collected during the mission was transmitted in real time to a central node for analysis and 3D mapping of the target gas. The results highlights the accomplishment of the first flight mission of a solar powered UAV equipped with a CO2 sensing system integrated with a WSN. The system provides an effective 3D monitoring and can be used in a wide range of environmental applications such as agriculture, bushfires, mining studies, zoology and botanical studies using a ubiquitous low cost technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution monitoring; environmental monitoring; gas sensors; greenhouse gases; nanostructured metal oxide sensors; UAV; UAV; WSN; solar energy air pollution monitoring; environmental monitoring; gas sensors; greenhouse gases; nanostructured metal oxide sensors; UAV; UAV; WSN; solar energy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Malaver, A.; Motta, N.; Corke, P.; Gonzalez, F. Development and Integration of a Solar Powered Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and a Wireless Sensor Network to Monitor Greenhouse Gases. Sensors 2015, 15, 4072-4096.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top