Determination of the Mineral Composition and Toxic Element Contents of Propolis by Near Infrared Spectroscopy
AbstractThe potential of near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) with remote reflectance fiber-optic probes for determining the mineral composition of propolis was evaluated. This technology allows direct measurements without prior sample treatment. Ninety one samples of propolis were collected in Chile (Bio-Bio region) and Spain (Castilla-León and Galicia regions). The minerals measured were aluminum, calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, and some potentially toxic trace elements such as zinc, chromium, nickel, copper and lead. The modified partial least squares (MPLS) regression method was used to develop the NIR calibration model. The determination coefficient (R2) and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) obtained for aluminum (0.79, 53), calcium (0.83, 94), iron (0.69, 134) potassium (0.95, 117), magnesium (0.70, 99), phosphorus (0.94, 24) zinc (0.87, 10) chromium (0.48, 0.6) nickel (0.52, 0.7) copper (0.64, 0.9) and lead (0.70, 2) in ppm. The results demonstrated that the capacity for prediction can be considered good for wide ranges of potassium, phosphorus and zinc concentrations, and acceptable for aluminum, calcium, magnesium, iron and lead. This indicated that the NIR method is comparable to chemical methods. The method is of interest in the rapid prediction of potentially toxic elements in propolis before consumption. View Full-Text
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González-Martín, M.I.; Escuredo, O.; Revilla, I.; Vivar-Quintana, A.M.; Coello, M.C.; Riocerezo, C.P.; Moncada, G.W. Determination of the Mineral Composition and Toxic Element Contents of Propolis by Near Infrared Spectroscopy. Sensors 2015, 15, 27854-27868.
González-Martín MI, Escuredo O, Revilla I, Vivar-Quintana AM, Coello MC, Riocerezo CP, Moncada GW. Determination of the Mineral Composition and Toxic Element Contents of Propolis by Near Infrared Spectroscopy. Sensors. 2015; 15(11):27854-27868.Chicago/Turabian Style
González-Martín, M. I.; Escuredo, Olga; Revilla, Isabel; Vivar-Quintana, Ana M.; Coello, M. C.; Riocerezo, Carlos P.; Moncada, Guillermo W. 2015. "Determination of the Mineral Composition and Toxic Element Contents of Propolis by Near Infrared Spectroscopy." Sensors 15, no. 11: 27854-27868.