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Sensors 2014, 14(7), 12900-12936; doi:10.3390/s140712900

Automatic Fall Monitoring: A Review

, 2,*  and 1
Received: 8 April 2014; in revised form: 2 July 2014 / Accepted: 7 July 2014 / Published: 18 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomedical Sensors and Systems)
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Abstract: Falls and fall-related injuries are major incidents, especially for elderly people, which often mark the onset of major deterioration of health. More than one-third of home-dwelling people aged 65 or above and two-thirds of those in residential care fall once or more each year. Reliable fall detection, as well as prevention, is an important research topic for monitoring elderly living alone in residential or hospital units. The aim of this study is to review the existing fall detection systems and some of the key research challenges faced by the research community in this field. We categorize the existing platforms into two groups: wearable and ambient devices; the classification methods are divided into rule-based and machine learning techniques. The relative merit and potential drawbacks are discussed, and we also outline some of the outstanding research challenges that emerging new platforms need to address.
Keywords: fall monitoring; fall detection; fall prevention; wireless sensors; wearable sensors fall monitoring; fall detection; fall prevention; wireless sensors; wearable sensors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pannurat, N.; Thiemjarus, S.; Nantajeewarawat, E. Automatic Fall Monitoring: A Review. Sensors 2014, 14, 12900-12936.

AMA Style

Pannurat N, Thiemjarus S, Nantajeewarawat E. Automatic Fall Monitoring: A Review. Sensors. 2014; 14(7):12900-12936.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pannurat, Natthapon; Thiemjarus, Surapa; Nantajeewarawat, Ekawit. 2014. "Automatic Fall Monitoring: A Review." Sensors 14, no. 7: 12900-12936.

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