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Sensors 2014, 14(5), 8961-8983; doi:10.3390/s140508961
Article

A Ubiquitous and Low-Cost Solution for Movement Monitoring and Accident Detection Based on Sensor Fusion

1,2
, 2,*  and 3,4
Received: 7 April 2014; in revised form: 14 May 2014 / Accepted: 15 May 2014 / Published: 21 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors Data Fusion for Healthcare)
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Abstract: The low average birth rate in developed countries and the increase in life expectancy have lead society to face for the first time an ageing situation. This situation associated with the World’s economic crisis (which started in 2008) forces the need of equating better and more efficient ways of providing more quality of life for the elderly. In this context, the solution presented in this work proposes to tackle the problem of monitoring the elderly in a way that is not restrictive for the life of the monitored, avoiding the need for premature nursing home admissions. To this end, the system uses the fusion of sensory data provided by a network of wireless sensors placed on the periphery of the user. Our approach was also designed with a low-cost deployment in mind, so that the target group may be as wide as possible. Regarding the detection of long-term problems, the tests conducted showed that the precision of the system in identifying and discerning body postures and body movements allows for a valid monitorization and rehabilitation of the user. Moreover, concerning the detection of accidents, while the proposed solution presented a near 100% precision at detecting normal falls, the detection of more complex falls (i.e., hampered falls) will require further study.
Keywords: inertial sensors fusion; Wireless Sensor Networks; Wireless Body Area Networks; motion recognition; rehabilitation; profiling inertial sensors fusion; Wireless Sensor Networks; Wireless Body Area Networks; motion recognition; rehabilitation; profiling
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Felisberto, F.; Fdez.-Riverola, F.; Pereira, A. A Ubiquitous and Low-Cost Solution for Movement Monitoring and Accident Detection Based on Sensor Fusion. Sensors 2014, 14, 8961-8983.

AMA Style

Felisberto F, Fdez.-Riverola F, Pereira A. A Ubiquitous and Low-Cost Solution for Movement Monitoring and Accident Detection Based on Sensor Fusion. Sensors. 2014; 14(5):8961-8983.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Felisberto, Filipe; Fdez.-Riverola, Florentino; Pereira, António. 2014. "A Ubiquitous and Low-Cost Solution for Movement Monitoring and Accident Detection Based on Sensor Fusion." Sensors 14, no. 5: 8961-8983.



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