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Sensors 2014, 14(5), 8003-8025; doi:10.3390/s140508003

Ubiquitous Connected Train Based on Train-to-Ground and Intra-Wagon Communications Capable of Providing on Trip Customized Digital Services for Passengers

1
Deusto Institute of Technology (DeustoTech), University of Deusto, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
2
Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department, Universidad Pública de Navarra, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
3
Mathematics and Computer Engineering Department, Universidad Pública de Navarra, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 March 2014 / Revised: 21 April 2014 / Accepted: 24 April 2014 / Published: 5 May 2014
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Abstract

During the last years, the application of different wireless technologies has been explored in order to enable Internet connectivity from vehicles. In addition, the widespread adoption of smartphones by citizens represents a great opportunity to integrate such nomadic devices inside vehicles in order to provide new and personalized on trip services for passengers. In this paper, a proposal of communication architecture to provide the ubiquitous connectivity needed to enhance the smart train concept is presented and preliminarily tested. It combines an intra-wagon communication system based on nomadic devices connected through a Bluetooth Piconet Network with a highly innovative train-to-ground communication system. In order to validate this communication solution, several tests and simulations have been performed and their results are described in this paper.
Keywords: smart train; ubiquitous communications; Bluetooth piconet network; train-to-ground communication; context-aware services smart train; ubiquitous communications; Bluetooth piconet network; train-to-ground communication; context-aware services
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Salaberria, I.; Perallos, A.; Azpilicueta, L.; Falcone, F.; Carballedo, R.; Angulo, I.; Elejoste, P.; Bahillo, A.; Astrain, J.J.; Villadangos, J. Ubiquitous Connected Train Based on Train-to-Ground and Intra-Wagon Communications Capable of Providing on Trip Customized Digital Services for Passengers. Sensors 2014, 14, 8003-8025.

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