Comparison between a Conductometric Biosensor and ELISA in the Evaluation of Johne’s Disease
AbstractJohne’s disease (JD), caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP), is an important gastrointestinal disease of cattle worldwide because of the economic losses encountered in JD-affected herds. These losses include reduction in milk yield in cows, premature culling and reduced carcass weight of culled diseased animals. In the U.S. dairy industry, economic losses from reduced productivity associated with JD are estimated to cost between $200 and $250 million annually. The development of non-laboratory-based assays would support more frequent testing of animals for JD and could improve its control. Conductometric biosensors combine immunomigration technology with electronic signal detection and have been adapted for the detection of IgG antibody against MAP. In the present study, a capture membrane with limited variability in the immunomigration channel and an optimal concentration of the secondary anti-bovine antibody used in a previously developed conductometric biosensor were compared with a commercially available antibody detection ELISA in their evaluation of JD, using samples of serum from cattle whose JD status where unknown. There was a moderate strength of agreement (kappa = 0.41) between the two assays. Findings from this preliminary study support the continued development of conductometric biosensors for use in the diagnosis of JD. View Full-Text
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Okafor, C.; Grooms, D.; Alocilja, E.; Bolin, S. Comparison between a Conductometric Biosensor and ELISA in the Evaluation of Johne’s Disease. Sensors 2014, 14, 19128-19137.
Okafor C, Grooms D, Alocilja E, Bolin S. Comparison between a Conductometric Biosensor and ELISA in the Evaluation of Johne’s Disease. Sensors. 2014; 14(10):19128-19137.Chicago/Turabian Style
Okafor, Chika; Grooms, Daniel; Alocilja, Evangelyn; Bolin, Steven. 2014. "Comparison between a Conductometric Biosensor and ELISA in the Evaluation of Johne’s Disease." Sensors 14, no. 10: 19128-19137.