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Sensors 2014, 14(1), 770-778; doi:10.3390/s140100770
Article

Monitoring Architectural Heritage by Wireless Sensors Networks: San Gimignano — A Case Study

*  and
Department of Information Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, University of Siena, Via Roma 56, Siena 53100, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2013 / Revised: 11 December 2013 / Accepted: 12 December 2013 / Published: 3 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors for Cultural Heritage Diagnostics)
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Abstract

This paper describes a wireless sensor network (WSN) used to monitor the health state of architectural heritage in real-time. The WSN has been deployed and tested on the “Rognosa” tower in the medieval village of San Gimignano, Tuscany, Italy. This technology, being non-invasive, mimetic, and long lasting, is particularly well suited for long term monitoring and on-line diagnosis of the conservation state of heritage buildings. The proposed monitoring system comprises radio-equipped nodes linked to suitable sensors capable of monitoring crucial parameters like: temperature, humidity, masonry cracks, pouring rain, and visual light. The access to data is granted by a user interface for remote control. The WSN can autonomously send remote alarms when predefined thresholds are reached.
Keywords: cultural heritage and architectural buildings; real-time monitoring; wireless sensor networks; distributed data processing; mac protocols; remote control cultural heritage and architectural buildings; real-time monitoring; wireless sensor networks; distributed data processing; mac protocols; remote control
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Mecocci, A.; Abrardo, A. Monitoring Architectural Heritage by Wireless Sensors Networks: San Gimignano — A Case Study. Sensors 2014, 14, 770-778.

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