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Sensors 2013, 13(7), 8669-8678; doi:10.3390/s130708669
Article

Dependence of the Impact Response of Polyvinylidene Fluoride Sensors on Their Supporting Materials’ Elasticity

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Received: 13 April 2013; in revised form: 8 May 2013 / Accepted: 23 June 2013 / Published: 5 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) is popular sensing material because of its unique piezoelectric characteristics. In this work an impact sensor was prepared from a sandwiched structure PVDF film, and the related detection circuits were presented. The dependence of the PVDF sensors’ response on the elasticity of the supporting materials was examined and discussed. Here two response indexes were discussed, which were the peak-to-peak voltage (Vpp) and the recovery time. Firstly, falling impact experiments were executed on desk-supported PVDF sensors (100 mm PVDF film) using free falls of different weights from different heights. Then the same shock experiments were repeated on the same sensor, but changing the backstops to a sponge and rubber, respectively. On the desk, the values of Vpp were bigger than when the other two backstops were used; but the changes of the impact energy could not be reflected by the PVDF sensor when it was supported by a hard material. It was found that the biggest sensitivity of the voltage response (about 96.62 V/J) was obtained by the sponge-supported sensor; for the same sensor, when it was supported by rubber, the slope was 82.26 V/J. Moreover, the recovery time for the desk-supported sensor was almost constant, varying from 0.15 to 0.18 s, while for the same sensor supported by sponge or rubber, its recovery time changed with the shifting of the impact energy in the range of 0.02~0.36 s, but no pattern could be found in the recovery-time characteristics.
Keywords: PVDF; piezoelectric polymer; impact response; peak-to-peak voltage; recovery time PVDF; piezoelectric polymer; impact response; peak-to-peak voltage; recovery time
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jia, Y.; Chen, X.; Ni, Q.; Li, L.; Ju, C. Dependence of the Impact Response of Polyvinylidene Fluoride Sensors on Their Supporting Materials’ Elasticity. Sensors 2013, 13, 8669-8678.

AMA Style

Jia Y, Chen X, Ni Q, Li L, Ju C. Dependence of the Impact Response of Polyvinylidene Fluoride Sensors on Their Supporting Materials’ Elasticity. Sensors. 2013; 13(7):8669-8678.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jia, Yunfang; Chen, Xinjuan; Ni, Qingshan; Li, Longhua; Ju, Cheng. 2013. "Dependence of the Impact Response of Polyvinylidene Fluoride Sensors on Their Supporting Materials’ Elasticity." Sensors 13, no. 7: 8669-8678.


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