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Sensors 2013, 13(7), 8564-8576; doi:10.3390/s130708564

Radioactive Quality Evaluation and Cross Validation of Data from the HJ-1A/B Satellites’ CCD Sensors

1,2,* , 4
1 College of Global Change and Earth System Science, State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China 2 State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Jointly Sponsored by Beijing Normal University and Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100875, China 3 School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China 4 China Center for Resource Satellite Data and Applications, Beijing 100094 China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 May 2013 / Revised: 5 June 2013 / Accepted: 24 June 2013 / Published: 5 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Data from multiple sensors are frequently used in Earth science to gain a more complete understanding of spatial information changes. Higher quality and mutual consistency are prerequisites when multiple sensors are jointly used. The HJ-1A/B satellites successfully launched on 6 September 2008. There are four charge-coupled device (CCD) sensors with uniform spatial resolutions and spectral range onboard the HJ-A/B satellites. Whether these data are keeping consistency is a major issue before they are used. This research aims to evaluate the data consistency and radioactive quality from the four CCDs. First, images of urban, desert, lake and ocean are chosen as the objects of evaluation. Second, objective evaluation variables, such as mean, variance and angular second moment, are used to identify image performance. Finally, a cross validation method are used to ensure the correlation of the data from the four HJ-1A/B CCDs and that which is gathered from the moderate resolution imaging spectro-radiometer (MODIS). The results show that the image quality of HJ-1A/B CCDs is stable, and the digital number distribution of CCD data is relatively low. In cross validation with MODIS, the root mean square errors of bands 1, 2 and 3 range from 0.055 to 0.065, and for band 4 it is 0.101. The data from HJ-1A/B CCD have better consistency.
Keywords: sensor; radioactive quality evaluation; cross validation; HJ-1A/B CCD sensor; radioactive quality evaluation; cross validation; HJ-1A/B CCD
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Zhang, X.; Zhao, X.; Liu, G.; Kang, Q.; Wu, D. Radioactive Quality Evaluation and Cross Validation of Data from the HJ-1A/B Satellites’ CCD Sensors. Sensors 2013, 13, 8564-8576.

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