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Sensors 2013, 13(7), 8564-8576; doi:10.3390/s130708564
Article

Radioactive Quality Evaluation and Cross Validation of Data from the HJ-1A/B Satellites’ CCD Sensors

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Received: 20 May 2013; in revised form: 5 June 2013 / Accepted: 24 June 2013 / Published: 5 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: Data from multiple sensors are frequently used in Earth science to gain a more complete understanding of spatial information changes. Higher quality and mutual consistency are prerequisites when multiple sensors are jointly used. The HJ-1A/B satellites successfully launched on 6 September 2008. There are four charge-coupled device (CCD) sensors with uniform spatial resolutions and spectral range onboard the HJ-A/B satellites. Whether these data are keeping consistency is a major issue before they are used. This research aims to evaluate the data consistency and radioactive quality from the four CCDs. First, images of urban, desert, lake and ocean are chosen as the objects of evaluation. Second, objective evaluation variables, such as mean, variance and angular second moment, are used to identify image performance. Finally, a cross validation method are used to ensure the correlation of the data from the four HJ-1A/B CCDs and that which is gathered from the moderate resolution imaging spectro-radiometer (MODIS). The results show that the image quality of HJ-1A/B CCDs is stable, and the digital number distribution of CCD data is relatively low. In cross validation with MODIS, the root mean square errors of bands 1, 2 and 3 range from 0.055 to 0.065, and for band 4 it is 0.101. The data from HJ-1A/B CCD have better consistency.
Keywords: sensor; radioactive quality evaluation; cross validation; HJ-1A/B CCD sensor; radioactive quality evaluation; cross validation; HJ-1A/B CCD
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, X.; Zhao, X.; Liu, G.; Kang, Q.; Wu, D. Radioactive Quality Evaluation and Cross Validation of Data from the HJ-1A/B Satellites’ CCD Sensors. Sensors 2013, 13, 8564-8576.

AMA Style

Zhang X, Zhao X, Liu G, Kang Q, Wu D. Radioactive Quality Evaluation and Cross Validation of Data from the HJ-1A/B Satellites’ CCD Sensors. Sensors. 2013; 13(7):8564-8576.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Xin; Zhao, Xiang; Liu, Guodong; Kang, Qian; Wu, Donghai. 2013. "Radioactive Quality Evaluation and Cross Validation of Data from the HJ-1A/B Satellites’ CCD Sensors." Sensors 13, no. 7: 8564-8576.


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