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Multi-Sensor Fusion with Interacting Multiple Model Filter for Improved Aircraft Position Accuracy
Department of Electronics Engineering, Inha University, Incheon city 402-751, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 January 2013; in revised form: 22 March 2013 / Accepted: 22 March 2013 / Published: 27 March 2013
Abstract: The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has decided to adopt Communications, Navigation, and Surveillance/Air Traffic Management (CNS/ATM) as the 21st century standard for navigation. Accordingly, ICAO members have provided an impetus to develop related technology and build sufficient infrastructure. For aviation surveillance with CNS/ATM, Ground-Based Augmentation System (GBAS), Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B), multilateration (MLAT) and wide-area multilateration (WAM) systems are being established. These sensors can track aircraft positions more accurately than existing radar and can compensate for the blind spots in aircraft surveillance. In this paper, we applied a novel sensor fusion method with Interacting Multiple Model (IMM) filter to GBAS, ADS-B, MLAT, and WAM data in order to improve the reliability of the aircraft position. Results of performance analysis show that the position accuracy is improved by the proposed sensor fusion method with the IMM filter.
Keywords: communications; navigation and surveillance/air traffic management (CNS/ATM); ground-based augmentation system (GBAS); automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B); wide-area multilateration (WAM); interacting multiple model (IMM) filter
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Cho, T.; Lee, C.; Choi, S. Multi-Sensor Fusion with Interacting Multiple Model Filter for Improved Aircraft Position Accuracy. Sensors 2013, 13, 4122-4137.
Cho T, Lee C, Choi S. Multi-Sensor Fusion with Interacting Multiple Model Filter for Improved Aircraft Position Accuracy. Sensors. 2013; 13(4):4122-4137.
Cho, Taehwan; Lee, Changho; Choi, Sangbang. 2013. "Multi-Sensor Fusion with Interacting Multiple Model Filter for Improved Aircraft Position Accuracy." Sensors 13, no. 4: 4122-4137.