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Design of the Dual Stone Locating System on an Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotriptor
Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan City 71101, Taiwan
Department of Biomedical Engineering, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung City 84001, Taiwan
Department of Computer Application Engineering, Far East University, Tainan City 74448, Taiwan
Department of Urology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan City, 70403, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 November 2012; in revised form: 4 January 2013 / Accepted: 17 January 2013 / Published: 21 January 2013
Abstract: Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotriptors are very popular for the treatment of urinary stones all over the world. They depend basically upon either X-ray fluoroscopy or ultrasound scans to detect the stones before therapy begins. To increase the effectiveness of treatment this study took advantage of both X-ray and ultrasound to develop a dual stone locating system with image processing modules. Its functions include the initial stone locating mode with stone detection by fluorescent images and the follow-up automatic stone tracking mode made by constant ultrasound scanning. The authors have integrated both apparatus and present the operating principles for both modes. The system used two in vitro experiments to justify its abilities of stone location in all procedures.
Keywords: X-ray; ultrasound; image processing; Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotriptor; stone location; stone tracking
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MDPI and ACS Style
Pu, Y.-R.; Manousakas, I.; Liang, S.-M.; Chang, C.-C. Design of the Dual Stone Locating System on an Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotriptor. Sensors 2013, 13, 1319-1328.
Pu Y-R, Manousakas I, Liang S-M, Chang C-C. Design of the Dual Stone Locating System on an Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotriptor. Sensors. 2013; 13(1):1319-1328.
Pu, Yong-Ren; Manousakas, Ioannis; Liang, Shen-Min; Chang, Chien-Chen. 2013. "Design of the Dual Stone Locating System on an Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotriptor." Sensors 13, no. 1: 1319-1328.