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Sensors 2012, 12(8), 10713-10741; doi:10.3390/s120810713
Review

Lab-on-a-Chip Pathogen Sensors for Food Safety

1,*  and 2
Received: 9 May 2012; in revised form: 28 June 2012 / Accepted: 4 July 2012 / Published: 6 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micro and Nano Technologies for Point-of-Care Diagnosis)
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Abstract: There have been a number of cases of foodborne illness among humans that are caused by pathogens such as Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium, etc. The current practices to detect such pathogenic agents are cell culturing, immunoassays, or polymerase chain reactions (PCRs). These methods are essentially laboratory-based methods that are not at all real-time and thus unavailable for early-monitoring of such pathogens. They are also very difficult to implement in the field. Lab-on-a-chip biosensors, however, have a strong potential to be used in the field since they can be miniaturized and automated; they are also potentially fast and very sensitive. These lab-on-a-chip biosensors can detect pathogens in farms, packaging/processing facilities, delivery/distribution systems, and at the consumer level. There are still several issues to be resolved before applying these lab-on-a-chip sensors to field applications, including the pre-treatment of a sample, proper storage of reagents, full integration into a battery-powered system, and demonstration of very high sensitivity, which are addressed in this review article. Several different types of lab-on-a-chip biosensors, including immunoassay- and PCR-based, have been developed and tested for detecting foodborne pathogens. Their assay performance, including detection limit and assay time, are also summarized. Finally, the use of optical fibers or optical waveguide is discussed as a means to improve the portability and sensitivity of lab-on-a-chip pathogen sensors.
Keywords: microfluidics; bioMEMS; food safety; water safety; E. coli; Salmonella microfluidics; bioMEMS; food safety; water safety; E. coli; Salmonella
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yoon, J.-Y.; Kim, B. Lab-on-a-Chip Pathogen Sensors for Food Safety. Sensors 2012, 12, 10713-10741.

AMA Style

Yoon J-Y, Kim B. Lab-on-a-Chip Pathogen Sensors for Food Safety. Sensors. 2012; 12(8):10713-10741.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yoon, Jeong-Yeol; Kim, Bumsang. 2012. "Lab-on-a-Chip Pathogen Sensors for Food Safety." Sensors 12, no. 8: 10713-10741.



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