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Cognitive LF-Ant: A Novel Protocol for Healthcare Wireless Sensor Networks
Institute for Advanced Studies in Communications (Iecom), Federal University of Campina Grande (UFCG), Campina Grande 58429-900, Brazil
Polytechnic School of Pernambuco, University of Pernambuco (UPE), Recife 50720-001, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2012; in revised form: 11 July 2012 / Accepted: 18 July 2012 / Published: 2 August 2012
Abstract: In this paper, the authors present the Cognitive LF-Ant protocol for emergency reporting in healthcare wireless sensor networks. The protocol is inspired by the natural behaviour of ants and a cognitive component provides the capabilities to dynamically allocate resources, in accordance with the emergency degree of each patient. The intra-cluster emergency reporting is inspired by the different capabilities of leg-manipulated ants. The inter-cluster reporting is aided by the cooperative modulation diversity with spectrum sensing, which can detect new emergency reporting requests and forward them. Simulations results show the decrease of average delay time as the probability of opportunistic access increases, which privileges the emergency reporting related to the patients with higher priority of resources’ usage. Furthermore, the packet loss rate is decreased by the use of cooperative modulation diversity with spectrum sensing.
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; ant colony optimization; fuzzy inference; opportunistic access; healthcare networks
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Sousa, M.; Lopes, W.; Madeiro, F.; Alencar, M. Cognitive LF-Ant: A Novel Protocol for Healthcare Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2012, 12, 10463-10486.
Sousa M, Lopes W, Madeiro F, Alencar M. Cognitive LF-Ant: A Novel Protocol for Healthcare Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors. 2012; 12(8):10463-10486.
Sousa, Marcelo; Lopes, Waslon; Madeiro, Francisco; Alencar, Marcelo. 2012. "Cognitive LF-Ant: A Novel Protocol for Healthcare Wireless Sensor Networks." Sensors 12, no. 8: 10463-10486.