Sensors 2012, 12(6), 7033-7046; doi:10.3390/s120607033
Article

Electrochemical Determination of Pentachlorophenol in Water on a Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes-Epoxy Composite Electrode

1email, 1email, 1,* email, 1email, 2email and 3email
Received: 30 March 2012; in revised form: 18 April 2012 / Accepted: 26 April 2012 / Published: 25 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: The aim of this study was the preparation, characterization, and application of a multi-wall carbon nanotubes-epoxy composite electrode (MWCNT-EP) with 25%, wt. MWCNTs loading for the voltammetric/amperometric determination of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in aqueous solutions. The structural and morphological aspects of the MWCNT-EP composite electrode were examined by scanning electron microscopy. The electrical properties were characterized by direct-current conductivity measurements in relation with the percolation threshold. The electrochemical behavior of PCP at the MWCNT-EP composite electrode was investigated using cyclic voltammetry in 0.1 M Na2SO4 supporting electrolyte in order to establish the parameters for amperometric/voltammetric determination of PCP. The linear dependence of current vs. PCP concentrations was reached in a wide concentration range from 0.2 to 12 μM PCP using cyclic voltammetry, differential-pulsed voltammetry, square-wave voltammetry, chronoamperometry, and multiple-pulsed amperometry techniques. The best electroanalytical performances of this composite electrode were achieved using a pre-concentration/square-wave voltammetric technique and also multiple-pulsed amperometry techniques envisaging the practical applications. The ease of preparation, high sensitivity, and stability of this composite electrode should open novel avenues and applications for fabricating robust sensors for detection of many important species.
Keywords: multi-wall carbon nanotubes-epoxy composite electrode; electrochemical determination; pentachlorophenol; square-wave voltammetry; cyclic voltammetry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Remes, A.; Pop, A.; Manea, F.; Baciu, A.; Picken, S.J.; Schoonman, J. Electrochemical Determination of Pentachlorophenol in Water on a Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes-Epoxy Composite Electrode. Sensors 2012, 12, 7033-7046.

AMA Style

Remes A, Pop A, Manea F, Baciu A, Picken SJ, Schoonman J. Electrochemical Determination of Pentachlorophenol in Water on a Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes-Epoxy Composite Electrode. Sensors. 2012; 12(6):7033-7046.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Remes, Adriana; Pop, Aniela; Manea, Florica; Baciu, Anamaria; Picken, Stephen J.; Schoonman, Joop. 2012. "Electrochemical Determination of Pentachlorophenol in Water on a Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes-Epoxy Composite Electrode." Sensors 12, no. 6: 7033-7046.


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