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A Radar-Enabled Collaborative Sensor Network Integrating COTS Technology for Surveillance and Tracking
Center for Large-Scale Integrated Optimization & Networks (CLION), FedEx Institute of Technology, University of Memphis, 365 Innovation Drive, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
Computer Engineering Department, Istanbul Kultur University, E5 Atakoy Campus E5 Otoyolu Londra Asfalt, Bakrkoy, 34156 Istanbul, Turkey
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2011; in revised form: 10 January 2012 / Accepted: 10 January 2012 / Published: 31 January 2012
Abstract: The feasibility of using Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) sensor nodes is studied in a distributed network, aiming at dynamic surveillance and tracking of ground targets. Data acquisition by low-cost ( < $50 US) miniature low-power radar through a wireless mote is described. We demonstrate the detection, ranging and velocity estimation, classification and tracking capabilities of the mini-radar, and compare results to simulations and manual measurements. Furthermore, we supplement the radar output with other sensor modalities, such as acoustic and vibration sensors. This method provides innovative solutions for detecting, identifying, and tracking vehicles and dismounts over a wide area in noisy conditions. This study presents a step towards distributed intelligent decision support and demonstrates effectiveness of small cheap sensors, which can complement advanced technologies in certain real-life scenarios.
Keywords: Doppler radar; wireless sensor mote; autonomous sensor network; surveillance; tracking
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MDPI and ACS Style
Kozma, R.; Wang, L.; Iftekharuddin, K.; McCracken, E.; Khan, M.; Islam, K.; Bhurtel, S.R.; Demirer, R.M. A Radar-Enabled Collaborative Sensor Network Integrating COTS Technology for Surveillance and Tracking. Sensors 2012, 12, 1336-1351.
Kozma R, Wang L, Iftekharuddin K, McCracken E, Khan M, Islam K, Bhurtel SR, Demirer RM. A Radar-Enabled Collaborative Sensor Network Integrating COTS Technology for Surveillance and Tracking. Sensors. 2012; 12(2):1336-1351.
Kozma, Robert; Wang, Lan; Iftekharuddin, Khan; McCracken, Ernest; Khan, Muhammad; Islam, Khandakar; Bhurtel, Sushil R.; Demirer, R. Murat. 2012. "A Radar-Enabled Collaborative Sensor Network Integrating COTS Technology for Surveillance and Tracking." Sensors 12, no. 2: 1336-1351.