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Sensors 2011, 11(7), 7082-7094; doi:10.3390/s110707082

Novel Wireless Sensor System for Dynamic Characterization of Borehole Heat Exchangers

1
Department of Electronic Engineering, Universidad de Valencia, Campus de Burjassot, CP 46100 Valencia, Spain
2
Instituto de Ingeniería Energética, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Campus de Vera, CP 46022 Valencia, Spain
3
Department of Electronic Engineering, Universidad de Valencia, Campus de Burjassot, CP 46100 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 June 2011 / Revised: 1 July 2011 / Accepted: 1 July 2011 / Published: 8 July 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
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Abstract

The design and field test of a novel sensor system based in autonomous wireless sensors to measure the temperature of the heat transfer fluid along a borehole heat exchanger (BHE) is presented. The system, by means of two specials valves, inserts and extracts miniaturized wireless sensors inside the pipes of the borehole, which are carried by the thermal fluid. Each sensor is embedded in a small sphere of just 25 mm diameter and 8 gr weight, containing a transceiver, a microcontroller, a temperature sensor and a power supply. A wireless data processing unit transmits to the sensors the acquisition configuration before the measurements, and also downloads the temperature data measured by the sensor along its way through the BHE U-tube. This sensor system is intended to improve the conventional thermal response test (TRT) and it allows the collection of information about the thermal characteristics of the geological structure of subsurface and its influence in borehole thermal behaviour, which in turn, facilitates the implementation of TRTs in a more cost-effective and reliable way.
Keywords: heat pumps; geothermal energy; thermal analysis; wireless sensors heat pumps; geothermal energy; thermal analysis; wireless sensors
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Martos, J.; Montero, Á.; Torres, J.; Soret, J.; Martínez, G.; García-Olcina, R. Novel Wireless Sensor System for Dynamic Characterization of Borehole Heat Exchangers. Sensors 2011, 11, 7082-7094.

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