Sensors 2011, 11(5), 4562-4571; doi:10.3390/s110504562
Article

Optimization of Urea-EnFET Based on Ta2O5 Layer with Post Annealing

1email, 1email, 2email, 3email and 1,4,* email
Received: 4 March 2011; in revised form: 30 March 2011 / Accepted: 11 April 2011 / Published: 27 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Semiconductor Sensors)
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Abstract: In this study, the urea-enzymatic field effect transistors (EnFETs) were investigated based on pH-ion sensitive field effect transistors (ISFETs) with tantalum pentoxide (Ta2O5) sensing membranes. In addition, a post N2 annealing was used to improve the sensing properties. At first, the pH sensitivity, hysteresis, drift, and light induced drift of the ISFETs were evaluated. After the covalent bonding process and urease immobilization, the urea sensitivity of the EnFETs were also investigated and compared with the conventional Si3N4 sensing layer. The ISFETs and EnFETs with annealed Ta2O5 sensing membranes showed the best responses, including the highest pH sensitivity (56.9 mV/pH, from pH 2 to pH 12) and also corresponded to the highest urea sensitivity (61 mV/pCurea, from 1 mM to 7.5 mM). Besides, the non-ideal factors of pH hysteresis, time drift, and light induced drift of the annealed samples were also lower than the controlled Ta2O5 and Si3N4 sensing membranes.
Keywords: urea; enzymatic field effect transistor (EnFET); ion sensitive field effect transistor (ISFET); tantalum pentoxide (Ta2O5); post N2 annealing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lue, C.-E.; Yu, T.-C.; Yang, C.-M.; Pijanowska, D.G.; Lai, C.-S. Optimization of Urea-EnFET Based on Ta2O5 Layer with Post Annealing. Sensors 2011, 11, 4562-4571.

AMA Style

Lue C-E, Yu T-C, Yang C-M, Pijanowska DG, Lai C-S. Optimization of Urea-EnFET Based on Ta2O5 Layer with Post Annealing. Sensors. 2011; 11(5):4562-4571.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lue, Cheng-En; Yu, Ting-Chun; Yang, Chia-Ming; Pijanowska, Dorota G.; Lai, Chao-Sung. 2011. "Optimization of Urea-EnFET Based on Ta2O5 Layer with Post Annealing." Sensors 11, no. 5: 4562-4571.


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