Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sensors 2011, 11(2), 2166-2174; doi:10.3390/s110202166
Article

3-D Modeling of Tomato Canopies Using a High-Resolution Portable Scanning Lidar for Extracting Structural Information

1
, 2
 and 1,*
Received: 31 December 2010; in revised form: 31 January 2011 / Accepted: 2 February 2011 / Published: 15 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sensors in Agriculture and Forestry)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [535 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: In the present study, an attempt was made to produce a precise 3D image of a tomato canopy using a portable high-resolution scanning lidar. The tomato canopy was scanned by the lidar from three positions surrounding it. Through the scanning, the point cloud data of the canopy were obtained and they were co-registered. Then, points corresponding to leaves were extracted and converted into polygon images. From the polygon images, leaf areas were accurately estimated with a mean absolute percent error of 4.6%. Vertical profile of leaf area density (LAD) and leaf area index (LAI) could be also estimated by summing up each leaf area derived from the polygon images. Leaf inclination angle could be also estimated from the 3-D polygon image. It was shown that leaf inclination angles had different values at each part of a leaf.
Keywords: canopy; crop; polygon; portable scanning lidar; 3-D; leaf area density; leaf area index canopy; crop; polygon; portable scanning lidar; 3-D; leaf area density; leaf area index
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Hosoi, F.; Nakabayashi, K.; Omasa, K. 3-D Modeling of Tomato Canopies Using a High-Resolution Portable Scanning Lidar for Extracting Structural Information. Sensors 2011, 11, 2166-2174.

AMA Style

Hosoi F, Nakabayashi K, Omasa K. 3-D Modeling of Tomato Canopies Using a High-Resolution Portable Scanning Lidar for Extracting Structural Information. Sensors. 2011; 11(2):2166-2174.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hosoi, Fumiki; Nakabayashi, Kazushige; Omasa, Kenji. 2011. "3-D Modeling of Tomato Canopies Using a High-Resolution Portable Scanning Lidar for Extracting Structural Information." Sensors 11, no. 2: 2166-2174.



Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert