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Recent Advances in the Design of Electro-Optic Sensors for Minimally Destructive Microwave Field Probing
Division of Physical Metrology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-340, Korea
The 4th R&D Institute, Agency for Defense Development, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-600, Korea
Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2099, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 December 2010; in revised form: 4 January 2011 / Accepted: 11 January 2011 / Published: 12 January 2011
Abstract: In this paper we review recent design methodologies for fully dielectric electro-optic sensors that have applications in non-destructive evaluation (NDE) of devices and materials that radiate, guide, or otherwise may be impacted by microwave fields. In many practical NDE situations, fiber-coupled-sensor configurations are preferred due to their advantages over free-space bulk sensors in terms of optical alignment, spatial resolution, and especially, a low degree of field invasiveness. We propose and review five distinct types of fiber-coupled electro-optic sensor probes. The design guidelines for each probe type and their performances in absolute electric-field measurements are compared and summarized.
Keywords: microwave measurement; electro-optic measurement; optical sensing; sensors
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MDPI and ACS Style
Lee, D.-J.; Kang, N.-W.; Choi, J.-H.; Kim, J.; Whitaker, J.F. Recent Advances in the Design of Electro-Optic Sensors for Minimally Destructive Microwave Field Probing. Sensors 2011, 11, 806-824.
Lee D-J, Kang N-W, Choi J-H, Kim J, Whitaker JF. Recent Advances in the Design of Electro-Optic Sensors for Minimally Destructive Microwave Field Probing. Sensors. 2011; 11(1):806-824.
Lee, Dong-Joon; Kang, No-Weon; Choi, Jun-Ho; Kim, Junyeon; Whitaker, John F. 2011. "Recent Advances in the Design of Electro-Optic Sensors for Minimally Destructive Microwave Field Probing." Sensors 11, no. 1: 806-824.