Sensors 2011, 11(1), 228-259; doi:10.3390/s110100228
Article

A Featureless Approach to 3D Polyhedral Building Modeling from Aerial Images

1,* email and 2,3email
Received: 24 November 2010; in revised form: 13 December 2010 / Accepted: 24 December 2010 / Published: 28 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 10 Years Sensors - A Decade of Publishing)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This paper presents a model-based approach for reconstructing 3D polyhedral building models from aerial images. The proposed approach exploits some geometric and photometric properties resulting from the perspective projection of planar structures. Data are provided by calibrated aerial images. The novelty of the approach lies in its featurelessness and in its use of direct optimization based on image rawbrightness. The proposed framework avoids feature extraction and matching. The 3D polyhedral model is directly estimated by optimizing an objective function that combines an image-based dissimilarity measure and a gradient score over several aerial images. The optimization process is carried out by the Differential Evolution algorithm. The proposed approach is intended to provide more accurate 3D reconstruction than feature-based approaches. Fast 3D model rectification and updating can take advantage of the proposed method. Several results and evaluations of performance from real and synthetic images show the feasibility and robustness of the proposed approach.
Keywords: 3D building reconstruction; 3D city modeling; 3D polyhedral building model;aerial images; featureless image registration; Differential Evolution algorithm
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hammoudi, K.; Dornaika, F. A Featureless Approach to 3D Polyhedral Building Modeling from Aerial Images. Sensors 2011, 11, 228-259.

AMA Style

Hammoudi K, Dornaika F. A Featureless Approach to 3D Polyhedral Building Modeling from Aerial Images. Sensors. 2011; 11(1):228-259.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hammoudi, Karim; Dornaika, Fadi. 2011. "A Featureless Approach to 3D Polyhedral Building Modeling from Aerial Images." Sensors 11, no. 1: 228-259.

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