Sensors 2011, 11(1), 228-259; doi:10.3390/s110100228

A Featureless Approach to 3D Polyhedral Building Modeling from Aerial Images

1 Université Paris-Est, Institut Géographique National, 73 avenue de Paris, 94160 Saint-Mandé cedex, France 2 Department of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, University of the Basque Country, Paseo de Manuel Lardizábal, 1, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain 3 IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48011 Bilbao, Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 November 2010; in revised form: 13 December 2010 / Accepted: 24 December 2010 / Published: 28 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 10 Years Sensors - A Decade of Publishing)
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Abstract: This paper presents a model-based approach for reconstructing 3D polyhedral building models from aerial images. The proposed approach exploits some geometric and photometric properties resulting from the perspective projection of planar structures. Data are provided by calibrated aerial images. The novelty of the approach lies in its featurelessness and in its use of direct optimization based on image rawbrightness. The proposed framework avoids feature extraction and matching. The 3D polyhedral model is directly estimated by optimizing an objective function that combines an image-based dissimilarity measure and a gradient score over several aerial images. The optimization process is carried out by the Differential Evolution algorithm. The proposed approach is intended to provide more accurate 3D reconstruction than feature-based approaches. Fast 3D model rectification and updating can take advantage of the proposed method. Several results and evaluations of performance from real and synthetic images show the feasibility and robustness of the proposed approach.
Keywords: 3D building reconstruction; 3D city modeling; 3D polyhedral building model;aerial images; featureless image registration; Differential Evolution algorithm

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hammoudi, K.; Dornaika, F. A Featureless Approach to 3D Polyhedral Building Modeling from Aerial Images. Sensors 2011, 11, 228-259.

AMA Style

Hammoudi K, Dornaika F. A Featureless Approach to 3D Polyhedral Building Modeling from Aerial Images. Sensors. 2011; 11(1):228-259.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hammoudi, Karim; Dornaika, Fadi. 2011. "A Featureless Approach to 3D Polyhedral Building Modeling from Aerial Images." Sensors 11, no. 1: 228-259.

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