Sensors 2010, 10(6), 5346-5358; doi:10.3390/s100605346
Article

A Low Frequency Electromagnetic Sensor for Indirect Measurement of Glucose Concentration: In Vitro Experiments in Different Conductive Solutions

1,* email, 1email, 2email, 1email and 1email
Received: 7 January 2010; in revised form: 4 March 2010 / Accepted: 12 May 2010 / Published: 28 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Glucose Sensors)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: In recent years there has been considerable interest in the study of glucose-induced dielectric property variations of human tissues as a possible approach for non-invasive glycaemia monitoring. We have developed an electromagnetic sensor, and we tested in vitro its ability to estimate variations in glucose concentration of different solutions with similarities to blood (sodium chloride and Ringer-lactate solutions), differing though in the lack of any cellular components. The sensor was able to detect the effect of glucose variations over a wide range of concentrations (~78–5,000 mg/dL), with a sensitivity of ~0.22 mV/(mg/dL). Our proposed system may thus be useful in a new approach for non-invasive and non-contact glucose monitoring.
Keywords: dielectric properties; conductivity; sodium-chloride solution; Ringer-lactate solution; non-invasive glucose monitoring; non-contact sensor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tura, A.; Sbrignadello, S.; Cianciavicchia, D.; Pacini, G.; Ravazzani, P. A Low Frequency Electromagnetic Sensor for Indirect Measurement of Glucose Concentration: In Vitro Experiments in Different Conductive Solutions. Sensors 2010, 10, 5346-5358.

AMA Style

Tura A, Sbrignadello S, Cianciavicchia D, Pacini G, Ravazzani P. A Low Frequency Electromagnetic Sensor for Indirect Measurement of Glucose Concentration: In Vitro Experiments in Different Conductive Solutions. Sensors. 2010; 10(6):5346-5358.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tura, Andrea; Sbrignadello, Stefano; Cianciavicchia, Domenico; Pacini, Giovanni; Ravazzani, Paolo. 2010. "A Low Frequency Electromagnetic Sensor for Indirect Measurement of Glucose Concentration: In Vitro Experiments in Different Conductive Solutions." Sensors 10, no. 6: 5346-5358.

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