Next Article in Journal
A Highly Sensitive Enzyme-Amplified Immunosensor Based on a Nanoporous Niobium Oxide (Nb2O5) Electrode
Next Article in Special Issue
Metal Oxide Semi-Conductor Gas Sensors in Environmental Monitoring
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Sonochemically Fabricated Microelectrode Arrays for Use as Sensing Platforms
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Sensors 2010, 10(5), 5133-5159; doi:10.3390/s100505133

Carbon Nanostructure-Based Field-Effect Transistors for Label-Free Chemical/Biological Sensors

Key Lab of Microsystem and Microstructure, Harbin Institute of Technology, Ministry of Education, No. 2 YiKuang Street, Harbin 150080, Heilongjiang, China
Research Centre for Micro/Nanotechnology, Harbin Institute of Technology, No. 2 YiKuang Street, Harbin 150080, Heilongjiang, China
Centre for Industrial Photonics, Institute for Manufacturing, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, 17 Charles Babbage Road, Cambridge, CB3 0FS, UK
Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 March 2010 / Revised: 15 April 2010 / Accepted: 5 May 2010 / Published: 25 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in the UK)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [887 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]   |  


Over the past decade, electrical detection of chemical and biological species using novel nanostructure-based devices has attracted significant attention for chemical, genomics, biomedical diagnostics, and drug discovery applications. The use of nanostructured devices in chemical/biological sensors in place of conventional sensing technologies has advantages of high sensitivity, low decreased energy consumption and potentially highly miniaturized integration. Owing to their particular structure, excellent electrical properties and high chemical stability, carbon nanotube and graphene based electrical devices have been widely developed for high performance label-free chemical/biological sensors. Here, we review the latest developments of carbon nanostructure-based transistor sensors in ultrasensitive detection of chemical/biological entities, such as poisonous gases, nucleic acids, proteins and cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: chemical and biological sensors; carbon nanotubes; grapheme chemical and biological sensors; carbon nanotubes; grapheme

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hu, P.; Zhang, J.; Li, L.; Wang, Z.; O’Neill, W.; Estrela, P. Carbon Nanostructure-Based Field-Effect Transistors for Label-Free Chemical/Biological Sensors. Sensors 2010, 10, 5133-5159.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top