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Sensors 2010, 10(12), 10506-10523; doi:10.3390/s101210506

A Comparative Study of Wireless Sensor Networks and Their Routing Protocols

1
Department of Multimedia Engineering, Hannam University, Daejeon, Korea
2
Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata-700107, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2010 / Revised: 10 November 2010 / Accepted: 15 November 2010 / Published: 24 November 2010
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Abstract

Recent developments in the area of micro-sensor devices have accelerated advances in the sensor networks field leading to many new protocols specifically designed for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Wireless sensor networks with hundreds to thousands of sensor nodes can gather information from an unattended location and transmit the gathered data to a particular user, depending on the application. These sensor nodes have some constraints due to their limited energy, storage capacity and computing power. Data are routed from one node to other using different routing protocols. There are a number of routing protocols for wireless sensor networks. In this review article, we discuss the architecture of wireless sensor networks. Further, we categorize the routing protocols according to some key factors and summarize their mode of operation. Finally, we provide a comparative study on these various protocols.
Keywords: wireless sensors; protocols; routing; energy efficiency; clustering wireless sensors; protocols; routing; energy efficiency; clustering
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bhattacharyya, D.; Kim, T.-H.; Pal, S. A Comparative Study of Wireless Sensor Networks and Their Routing Protocols. Sensors 2010, 10, 10506-10523.

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