Sensors 2010, 10(10), 9407-9423; doi:10.3390/s101009407
Article

Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor for Fault Detection in Radial and Network Transmission Lines

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Texas at San Antonio, TX 78249, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 September 2010; in revised form: 1 October 2010 / Accepted: 8 October 2010 / Published: 20 October 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
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Abstract: In this paper, a fiber optic based sensor capable of fault detection in both radial and network overhead transmission power line systems is investigated. Bragg wavelength shift is used to measure the fault current and detect fault in power systems. Magnetic fields generated by currents in the overhead transmission lines cause a strain in magnetostrictive material which is then detected by Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG). The Fiber Bragg interrogator senses the reflected FBG signals, and the Bragg wavelength shift is calculated and the signals are processed. A broadband light source in the control room scans the shift in the reflected signal. Any surge in the magnetic field relates to an increased fault current at a certain location. Also, fault location can be precisely defined with an artificial neural network (ANN) algorithm. This algorithm can be easily coordinated with other protective devices. It is shown that the faults in the overhead transmission line cause a detectable wavelength shift on the reflected signal of FBG and can be used to detect and classify different kind of faults. The proposed method has been extensively tested by simulation and results confirm that the proposed scheme is able to detect different kinds of fault in both radial and network system.
Keywords: current measurement; current transformers; optical fiber; magnetostrictive devices; power system protection

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MDPI and ACS Style

Moghadas, A.A.; Shadaram, M. Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor for Fault Detection in Radial and Network Transmission Lines. Sensors 2010, 10, 9407-9423.

AMA Style

Moghadas AA, Shadaram M. Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor for Fault Detection in Radial and Network Transmission Lines. Sensors. 2010; 10(10):9407-9423.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moghadas, Amin A.; Shadaram, Mehdi. 2010. "Fiber Bragg Grating Sensor for Fault Detection in Radial and Network Transmission Lines." Sensors 10, no. 10: 9407-9423.

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