Next Article in Journal
A Smart Checkpointing Scheme for Improving the Reliability of Clustering Routing Protocols
Previous Article in Journal
Multitemporal Observations of Sugarcane by TerraSAR-X Images
Sensors 2010, 10(10), 8920-8937; doi:10.3390/s101008920
Article

ZERO: Probabilistic Routing for Deploy and Forget Wireless Sensor Networks

1,* , 1
, 2
, 2
, 1
, 3
 and 3
1 Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Rambla Poblenou 156 08018 Barcelona, Spain 2 Universitata Politecnica de Catalunya, Jordi Girona , 08034 Barcelona, Spain 3 Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 August 2010 / Revised: 18 September 2010 / Accepted: 20 September 2010 / Published: 29 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [586 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures

Abstract

As Wireless Sensor Networks are being adopted by industry and agriculture for large-scale and unattended deployments, the need for reliable and energy-conservative protocols become critical. Physical and Link layer efforts for energy conservation are not mostly considered by routing protocols that put their efforts on maintaining reliability and throughput. Gradient-based routing protocols route data through most reliable links aiming to ensure 99% packet delivery. However, they suffer from the so-called ”hot spot” problem. Most reliable routes waste their energy fast, thus partitioning the network and reducing the area monitored. To cope with this ”hot spot” problem we propose ZERO a combined approach at Network and Link layers to increase network lifespan while conserving reliability levels by means of probabilistic load balancing techniques.
Keywords: energy efficiency; probabilistic routing; collection-tree-protocol; gradient routing; wireless sensor networks; agriculture and industry energy efficiency; probabilistic routing; collection-tree-protocol; gradient routing; wireless sensor networks; agriculture and industry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Vilajosana, X.; Llosa, J.; Pacho, J.C.; Vilajosana, I.; Juan, A.A.; Vicario, J.L.; Morell, A. ZERO: Probabilistic Routing for Deploy and Forget Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors 2010, 10, 8920-8937.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Comments

Citing Articles

[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert