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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(7), 1888; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19071888

Activating the Anaphase Promoting Complex to Enhance Genomic Stability and Prolong Lifespan

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5, Canada
Received: 15 May 2018 / Revised: 19 June 2018 / Accepted: 20 June 2018 / Published: 27 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Aging and Age-Related Disorders)
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Abstract

In aging cells, genomic instability is now recognized as a hallmark event. Throughout life, cells encounter multiple endogenous and exogenous DNA damaging events that are mostly repaired, but inevitably DNA mutations, chromosome rearrangements, and epigenetic deregulation begins to mount. Now that people are living longer, more and more late life time is spent suffering from age-related disease, in which genomic instability plays a critical role. However, several major questions remain heavily debated, such as the following: When does aging start? How long can we live? In order to minimize the impact of genomic instability on longevity, it is important to understand when aging starts, and to ensure repair mechanisms remain optimal from the very start to the very end. In this review, the interplay between the stress and nutrient response networks, and the regulation of homeostasis and genomic stability, is discussed. Mechanisms that link these two networks are predicted to be key lifespan determinants. The Anaphase Promoting Complex (APC), a large evolutionarily conserved ubiquitin ligase, can potentially serve this need. Recent work demonstrates that the APC maintains genomic stability, mounts a stress response, and increases longevity in yeast. Furthermore, inhibition of APC activity by glucose and nutrient response factors indicates a tight link between the APC and the stress/nutrient response networks. View Full-Text
Keywords: Anaphase Promoting Complex; lifespan; cancer; yeast; human cell culture Anaphase Promoting Complex; lifespan; cancer; yeast; human cell culture
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Harkness, T.A.A. Activating the Anaphase Promoting Complex to Enhance Genomic Stability and Prolong Lifespan. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1888.

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