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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(5), 1430; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19051430

A Functional Study Identifying Critical Residues Involving Metal Transport Activity and Selectivity in Natural Resistance-Associated Macrophage Protein 3 in Arabidopsis thaliana

Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
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Received: 15 March 2018 / Revised: 24 April 2018 / Accepted: 28 April 2018 / Published: 10 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Biophysics)
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Abstract

Arabidopsis thaliana natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 3 (AtNRAMP3) is involved in the transport of cadmium (Cd), iron (Fe), and manganese (Mn). Here, we present a structure-function analysis of AtNRAMP3 based on site-directed mutagenesis and metal toxicity growth assays involving yeast mutants, combined with three-dimensional (3D) structure modeling based on the crystal structure of the Eremococcus coleocola NRAMP family transporter, EcoDMT. We demonstrated that two conservative sites, D72 and N75, are essential for the transport activity. The M248A mutation resulted in a decrease in Cd sensitivity, while maintaining Mn transport. The mutation involving G61 caused a significant impairment of Fe and Mn transport, thereby indicating the importance of the conserved residue for proper protein function. The mutation involving G171 disrupted Fe transport activity but not that of Mn and Cd, suggesting that G171 is essential to metal binding and selectivity. Two residues, E194 and R262, may play an important role in stabilizing outward-facing conformation, which is essential for transport activity. Deletion assays indicated that the N-terminus is necessary for the function of AtNRAMP3. The findings of the present study revealed the structure-function relationship of AtNRAMP3 and metal transport activity and selectivity, which may possibly be applied to other plant NRAMP proteins. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural resistance-associated macrophage protein; Arabidopsis thaliana; tonoplast; site-directed mutagenesis; structure modeling natural resistance-associated macrophage protein; Arabidopsis thaliana; tonoplast; site-directed mutagenesis; structure modeling
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Li, J.; Wang, L.; Zheng, L.; Wang, Y.; Chen, X.; Zhang, W. A Functional Study Identifying Critical Residues Involving Metal Transport Activity and Selectivity in Natural Resistance-Associated Macrophage Protein 3 in Arabidopsis thaliana. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1430.

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