Aged Mouse Cortical Microglia Display an Activation Profile Suggesting Immunotolerogenic Functions
AbstractMicroglia are the resident immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS) and participate in physiological and pathological processes. Their unique developmental nature suggests age-dependent structural and functional impairments that might contribute to neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, we addressed the age-dependent changes in cortical microglia gene expression patterns and the expression of M1- and M2-like activation markers. Iba1 immunohistochemistry, isolation of cortical microglia followed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting and RNA isolation to analyze transcriptional changes in aged cortical microglia was performed. We provide evidence that aging is associated with decreased numbers of cortical microglia and the establishment of a distinct microglia activation profile including upregulation of Ifi204, Lilrb4, Arhgap, Oas1a, Cd244 and Ildr2. Moreover, flow cytometry revealed that aged cortical microglia express increased levels of Cd206 and Cd36. The data presented in the current study indicate that aged mouse cortical microglia adopt a distinct activation profile, which suggests immunosuppressive and immuno-tolerogenic functions. View Full-Text
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Zöller, T.; Attaai, A.; Potru, P.S.; Ruß, T.; Spittau, B. Aged Mouse Cortical Microglia Display an Activation Profile Suggesting Immunotolerogenic Functions. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 706.
Zöller T, Attaai A, Potru PS, Ruß T, Spittau B. Aged Mouse Cortical Microglia Display an Activation Profile Suggesting Immunotolerogenic Functions. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(3):706.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zöller, Tanja; Attaai, Abdelraheim; Potru, Phani S.; Ruß, Tamara; Spittau, Björn. 2018. "Aged Mouse Cortical Microglia Display an Activation Profile Suggesting Immunotolerogenic Functions." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 3: 706.
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