Phytochemical Analysis by HPLC–HRESI-MS and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Tabernaemontana catharinensis
AbstractTabernaemontana catharinensis (Apocynaceae) has been popularly used by folk medicine because of its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antiophidic properties. This study aims to analyze the flavonoids composition of the hydroethanolic extract and of the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and butanol (BuOH) fractions of T. catharinensis leaves, as well as to evaluate their anti-inflammatory activity using in vivo models. The phytochemical profile, determined by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography–High-Resolution Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry (HPLC–HRESI-MS), showed the presence of flavonoids mainly having an isorhamnetin nucleus. The anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated in carrageenan-induced paw edema (pre- and post-treatment) with oral administration of a T. catharinensis hydroethanolic extract (50, 100, and 150 mg/kg) and of organic fractions (50 mg/kg). The extract and fractions showed antiedematogenic activity by decreasing myeloperoxidase (MPO) production. In the zymosan-air-pouch model, the extract and fractions inhibited leukocyte migration and significantly decreased the levels of various proteins, such as MPO, interleukin (IL)-1β, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. The cytotoxicity was evaluated by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, which revealed no cytotoxicity of the extract and the fractions. These results suggest that the hydroethanolic extract and organic fractions of T. catharinensis leaves have sufficient anti-inflammatory activity to support the popular use of this plant in the treatment of inflammatory disorders. View Full-Text
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Marques, J.I.; Alves, J.S.F.; Torres-Rêgo, M.; Furtado, A.A.; Siqueira, E.M.S.; Galinari, E.; Araújo, D.F.S.; Guerra, G.C.B.; Azevedo, E.P.; Fernandes-Pedrosa, M.F.; Zucolotto, S.M. Phytochemical Analysis by HPLC–HRESI-MS and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Tabernaemontana catharinensis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 636.
Marques JI, Alves JSF, Torres-Rêgo M, Furtado AA, Siqueira EMS, Galinari E, Araújo DFS, Guerra GCB, Azevedo EP, Fernandes-Pedrosa MF, Zucolotto SM. Phytochemical Analysis by HPLC–HRESI-MS and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Tabernaemontana catharinensis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(2):636.Chicago/Turabian Style
Marques, José I.; Alves, Jovelina S.F.; Torres-Rêgo, Manoela; Furtado, Allanny A.; Siqueira, Emerson M.S.; Galinari, Eder; Araújo, Daline F.S.; Guerra, Gerlane C.B.; Azevedo, Eduardo P.; Fernandes-Pedrosa, Matheus F.; Zucolotto, Silvana M. 2018. "Phytochemical Analysis by HPLC–HRESI-MS and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Tabernaemontana catharinensis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 2: 636.
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