AP-1/KIF13A Blocking Peptides Impair Melanosome Maturation and Melanin Synthesis
AbstractMelanocytes are specialized cells that generate unique organelles called melanosomes in which melanin is synthesized and stored. Melanosome biogenesis and melanocyte pigmentation require the transport and delivery of melanin synthesizing enzymes, such as tyrosinase and related proteins (e.g., TYRP1), from endosomes to maturing melanosomes. Among the proteins controlling endosome-melanosome transport, AP-1 together with KIF13A coordinates the endosomal sorting and trafficking of TYRP1 to melanosomes. We identify here β1-adaptin AP-1 subunit-derived peptides of 5 amino acids that block the interaction of KIF13A with AP-1 in cells. Incubating these peptides with human MNT-1 cells or 3D-reconstructed pigmented epidermis decreases pigmentation by impacting the maturation of melanosomes in fully pigmented organelles. This study highlights that peptides targeting the intracellular trafficking of melanocytes are candidate molecules to tune pigmentation in health and disease. View Full-Text
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Campagne, C.; Ripoll, L.; Gilles-Marsens, F.; Raposo, G.; Delevoye, C. AP-1/KIF13A Blocking Peptides Impair Melanosome Maturation and Melanin Synthesis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 568.
Campagne C, Ripoll L, Gilles-Marsens F, Raposo G, Delevoye C. AP-1/KIF13A Blocking Peptides Impair Melanosome Maturation and Melanin Synthesis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(2):568.Chicago/Turabian Style
Campagne, Cécile; Ripoll, Léa; Gilles-Marsens, Floriane; Raposo, Graça; Delevoye, Cédric. 2018. "AP-1/KIF13A Blocking Peptides Impair Melanosome Maturation and Melanin Synthesis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 2: 568.
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