Voluntary Physical Exercise Improves Subsequent Motor and Cognitive Impairments in a Rat Model of Parkinson’s Disease
AbstractBackground: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is typically characterized by impairment of motor function. Gait disturbances similar to those observed in patients with PD can be observed in animals after injection of neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) to induce unilateral nigrostriatal dopamine depletion. Exercise has been shown to be a promising non-pharmacological approach to reduce the risk of neurodegenerative disease. Methods: In this study, we investigated the long-term effects of voluntary running wheel exercise on gait phenotypes, depression, cognitive, rotational behaviors as well as histology in a 6-OHDA-lesioned rat model of PD. Results: We observed that, when compared with the non-exercise controls, five-week voluntary exercise alleviated and postponed the 6-OHDA-induced gait deficits, including a significantly improved walking speed, step/stride length, base of support and print length. In addition, we found that the non-motor functions, such as novel object recognition and forced swim test, were also ameliorated by voluntary exercise. However, the rotational behavior of the exercise group did not show significant differences when compared with the non-exercise group. Conclusions: We first analyzed the detailed spatiotemporal changes of gait pattern to investigate the potential benefits after long-term exercise in the rat model of PD, which could be useful for future objective assessment of locomotor function in PD or other neurological animal models. Furthermore, these results suggest that short-term voluntary exercise is sufficient to alleviate cognition deficits and depressive behavior in 6-OHDA lesioned rats and long-term treatment reduces the progression of motor symptoms and elevates tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), bone marrow tyrosine kinase in chromosome X (BMX) protein expression level without affecting dopaminergic (DA) neuron loss in this PD rat model. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Hsueh, S.-C.; Chen, K.-Y.; Lai, J.-H.; Wu, C.-C.; Yu, Y.-W.; Luo, Y.; Hsieh, T.-H.; Chiang, Y.-H. Voluntary Physical Exercise Improves Subsequent Motor and Cognitive Impairments in a Rat Model of Parkinson’s Disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 508.
Hsueh S-C, Chen K-Y, Lai J-H, Wu C-C, Yu Y-W, Luo Y, Hsieh T-H, Chiang Y-H. Voluntary Physical Exercise Improves Subsequent Motor and Cognitive Impairments in a Rat Model of Parkinson’s Disease. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(2):508.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hsueh, Shih-Chang; Chen, Kai-Yun; Lai, Jing-Huei; Wu, Chung-Che; Yu, Yu-Wen; Luo, Yu; Hsieh, Tsung-Hsun; Chiang, Yung-Hsiao. 2018. "Voluntary Physical Exercise Improves Subsequent Motor and Cognitive Impairments in a Rat Model of Parkinson’s Disease." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 2: 508.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.