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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(2), 502; doi:10.3390/ijms19020502

Perspective Insight into Future Potential Fusion Gene Transcript Biomarker Candidates in Breast Cancer

1
Center for Medical Innovation, Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul 03080, Korea
2
Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, Korea
3
Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 03080, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 January 2018 / Revised: 30 January 2018 / Accepted: 4 February 2018 / Published: 7 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Pathology, Diagnostics, and Therapeutics)
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Abstract

Next generation sequencing has accelerated the discovery of a variety of new fusion gene types in clinical breast cancer samples by analyzing cancer genomes and transcriptomes. Although previous studies have focused on a few clinically validated oncogenic fusion genes as diagnostic and therapeutic targets in breast cancer, a perspective consideration has not been given thus far for a plethora of breast cancer fusion genes, which are being newly identified at an overwhelmingly increasing pace. In this perspective review, we discuss diverse fusion gene types recently identified in a variety of breast cancer subtypes, including breast clinical cancer samples in TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) database. This perspective review will confer fresh and promising guidance onto breast cancer surgeons, clinical oncologists, and tumor biologists in determining research directions for seeking and developing novel fusion gene biomarkers for breast cancer diagnostics and therapeutic treatment in upcoming years. View Full-Text
Keywords: fusion gene transcript; breast cancer; biomarker fusion gene transcript; breast cancer; biomarker
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Kim, R.N.; Moon, H.-G.; Han, W.; Noh, D.-Y. Perspective Insight into Future Potential Fusion Gene Transcript Biomarker Candidates in Breast Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 502.

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