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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(2), 355; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19020355

The Anti-Stress Effect of Mentha arvensis in Immobilized Rats

1
College of Veterinary Medicine and Bio-Safety Research Institute, Chonbuk National University, Iksan 54596, Korea
2
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet 3100, Bangladesh
3
Imsil Cheese Livestock Cooperative Association, 275 Galma-ri, Imsil-eup, Imsil-gun, Jeollabuk-do 55924, Korea
4
Imsil Cheese & Food Research Institute, 50 Doin 2-gil, Seongsu-myeon, Imsil-gun, Jeollabuk-do 55918, Korea
5
Sunchang Research Institute of Health and Longevity, 427-128 Indok-ro, Ingye-myeon, Sunchang-gun, Jeollabuk-do 56015, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 December 2017 / Revised: 16 January 2018 / Accepted: 22 January 2018 / Published: 25 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Bioactives and Nutraceuticals)
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Abstract

Stress can lead to inflammation, accelerated aging, and some chronic diseases condition. Mentha arvensis (MA) is a traditional medicine having antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The present study investigated the anti-stress role of MA and fermented MA (FMA) extract in immobilized rats. We studied the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in RAW 264.7 cells and rats were immobilized for 2 h per day for 14 days using a restraining cage. MA (100 mg/kg) and FMA (100 mg/kg) were orally administered to rats 1 h prior to immobilization. Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis, we determined the rosmarinic acid content of MA and FMA. The generation of malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) in RAW 246.7 cells were suppressed by both MA and FMA. In rats, MA and FMA notably improved the body weight, daily food intake, and duodenum histology. MDA and NO level were gradually decreased by MA and FMA treatment. MA and FMA significantly controlled the stress-related hormones by decreasing corticosterone and β-endorphin and increasing serotonin level. Moreover, protein expression levels of mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were markedly downregulated by MA and FMA. Taken together, MA and FMA could ameliorate immobilized-stress by reducing oxidative stress, regulating stress-related hormones, and MAPK/COX-2 signaling pathways in rats. Particularly, FMA has shown greater anti-stress activities than MA. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mentha arvensis; immobilized-stress; hormones; MAPK/COX-2 Mentha arvensis; immobilized-stress; hormones; MAPK/COX-2
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tian, W.; Akanda, M.R.; Islam, A.; Yang, H.-D.; Lee, S.-C.; Lee, J.-H.; Kim, S.-K.; Choi, Y.-J.; Im, S.-Y.; Park, B.-Y. The Anti-Stress Effect of Mentha arvensis in Immobilized Rats. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 355.

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