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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(1), 253; doi:10.3390/ijms19010253

Functional Analyses of RUNX3 and CaMKIINα in Ovarian Cancer Cell Lines Reveal Tumor-Suppressive Functions for CaMKIINα and Dichotomous Roles for RUNX3 Transcript Variants

1
Department of Gynecology, Jena University Hospital—Friedrich Schiller University Jena, 07747 Jena, Germany
2
Department of Biochemistry II, Jena University Hospital—Friedrich Schiller University Jena, 07747 Jena, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 December 2017 / Revised: 3 January 2018 / Accepted: 10 January 2018 / Published: 15 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ovarian Cancer: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis, and Treatment)
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Abstract

(1) Background: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal cancer of the female reproductive system. In an earlier study, we identified multiple genes as hypermethylated in tumors of patients with poor prognosis. The most promising combination of markers to predict a patient’s outcome was CaMKIINα and RUNX3. Aim of this study was to functionally validate the importance of both genes. (2) Methods: IC50 measurements, cell cycle distribution-, proliferation, and migration experiments were conducted after transgene overexpression in two EOC cell lines. (3) Results: We showed that CaMKIINα has tumor suppressive functions in vitro and reduces proliferation, migration, and colony formation. However, it had no effect on the reversion of the resistance to cisplatin. RUNX3 exhibited dualistic functions related to cisplatin sensitivity and migration capacity, depending on the respective transcript variant (TV). A2780 cells expressing RUNX3 TV2—the promoter of which harbors a CpG (5′-C-phosphate-G-3′) island and is potentially inactivated by hypermethylation—exhibited increased cisplatin sensitivity and reduced migration properties. However, RUNX3 TV1, not affected by CpG island methylation could be characterized as mediating resistance and enhancing migration in A2780. The higher resistance of RUNX3 TV1 transfected cells correlates with a reduction of cell proliferation. Moreover, RUNX3 TV1 expressing cells exhibit a reduced cell cycle arrest at the gap-2 or mitosis phase (G2/M) under cisplatin treatment comparable to resistant A2780 subcultures. (4) Conclusion: It appears that CaMKIINα and RUNX3 TV2 can reduce the malignant potential of EOC cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: epithelial ovarian cancer; platin resistance; RUNX3; CaMKIINα; tumor suppressor epithelial ovarian cancer; platin resistance; RUNX3; CaMKIINα; tumor suppressor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Heinze, K.; Kritsch, D.; Mosig, A.S.; Dürst, M.; Häfner, N.; Runnebaum, I.B. Functional Analyses of RUNX3 and CaMKIINα in Ovarian Cancer Cell Lines Reveal Tumor-Suppressive Functions for CaMKIINα and Dichotomous Roles for RUNX3 Transcript Variants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 253.

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