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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(9), 1913; doi:10.3390/ijms18091913

Melatonin and Hippo Pathway: Is There Existing Cross-Talk?

1
Oncogenomic and Epigenetic Unit, Molecular Chemoprevention Group, Department of Research, Diagnosis and Innovative Technologies, Translational Research Area, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, via Elio Chianesi 53, 00144 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Oncology, Juravinski Cancer Center, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 August 2017 / Revised: 30 August 2017 / Accepted: 1 September 2017 / Published: 6 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Melatonin and Its Analogues: Experimental and Clinical Aspects)
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Abstract

Melatonin is an indolic hormone that regulates a plethora of functions ranging from the regulation of circadian rhythms and antioxidant properties to the induction and maintenance of tumor suppressor pathways. It binds to specific receptors as well as to some cytosolic proteins, leading to several cellular signaling cascades. Recently, the involvement of melatonin in cancer insurgence and progression has clearly been demonstrated. In this review, we will first describe the structure and functions of melatonin and its receptors, and then discuss both molecular and epidemiological evidence on melatonin anticancer effects. Finally, we will shed light on potential cross-talk between melatonin signaling and the Hippo signaling pathway, along with the possible implications for cancer therapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: melatonin; cancer; melatonin receptors; GPCR signaling; Hippo pathway melatonin; cancer; melatonin receptors; GPCR signaling; Hippo pathway
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Sardo, F.L.; Muti, P.; Blandino, G.; Strano, S. Melatonin and Hippo Pathway: Is There Existing Cross-Talk? Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1913.

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