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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(9), 1895; doi:10.3390/ijms18091895

Modulation of Immunogenicity and Conformation of HA1 Subunit of Influenza A Virus H1/N1 Hemagglutinin in Tubular Immunostimulating Complexes

1
Department of Biochemistry, Microbiolgy and Biotechnology, Far Eastern Federal University, 690091 Vladivostok, Russia
2
Departamento de Biochimica y Biologia Molecular, Universidad de Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 August 2017 / Revised: 27 August 2017 / Accepted: 1 September 2017 / Published: 3 September 2017
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Abstract

The HA1 subunit of the influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) is a valuable antigen for the development of vaccines against flu due to the availability of most antigenic sites which are conformational. Therefore, a novel adjuvanted antigen delivery system, tubular immunostimulating complexes (TI-complexes) comprising monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) from different marine macrophytes as a lipid matrix for an antigen, was applied to enhance the immunogenicity of recombinant HA1 of influenza A H1N1 and to study the relation between its immunogenicity and conformation. The content of anti-HA1 antibodies and cytokines was estimated by ELISA after the immunization of mice with HA1 alone, and HA1 was incorporated in TI-complexes based on different MGDGs isolated from green algae Ulva lactuca, brown algae Sargassum pallidum, and seagrass Zostera marina. Conformational changes of HA1 were estimated by differential scanning calorimetry and intrinsic fluorescence. It was shown that the adjuvant activity of TI-complexes depends on the microviscosity of MGDGs, which differently influence the conformation of HA1. The highest production of anti-HA1 antibodies (compared with the control) was induced by HA1 incorporated in a TI-complex based on MGDG from S. pallidum, which provided the relaxation of the spatial structure and, likely, the proper presentation of the antigen to immunocompetent cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: TI-complex; adjuvant; antigen delivery system; monogalactosyldiacylglycerol; lipid-induced protein conformation; DSC; intrinsic fluorescence; vaccines TI-complex; adjuvant; antigen delivery system; monogalactosyldiacylglycerol; lipid-induced protein conformation; DSC; intrinsic fluorescence; vaccines
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanina, N.; Davydova, L.; Chopenko, N.; Kostetsky, E.; Shnyrov, V. Modulation of Immunogenicity and Conformation of HA1 Subunit of Influenza A Virus H1/N1 Hemagglutinin in Tubular Immunostimulating Complexes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1895.

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