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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(8), 1800; doi:10.3390/ijms18081800

Determination of Sphingosine-1-Phosphate in Human Plasma Using Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Q-Tof Mass Spectrometry

1
Department of Cardiology, The Adelaide and Meath Hospital Dublin, Incorporating the National Children Hospital, Tallaght, 24 Dublin, Ireland
2
Institute of Technology Tallaght, Blessington Road, Tallaght, 24 Dublin, Ireland
3
Department of clinical medicine, Education Division, Trinity College Dublin, The University of Dublin, 24 Dublin, Ireland
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 July 2017 / Revised: 10 August 2017 / Accepted: 11 August 2017 / Published: 18 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Evidence suggests that high-density lipoprotein (HDL) components distinct from cholesterol, such as sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), may account for the anti-atherothrombotic effects attributed to this lipoprotein. The current method for the determination of plasma levels of S1P as well as levels associated with HDL particles is still cumbersome an assay method to be worldwide practical. Recently, a simplified protocol based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for the sensitive and specific quantification of plasma levels of S1P with good accuracy has been reported. This work utilized a triple quadrupole (QqQ)-based LC-MS/MS system. Here we adapt that method for the determination of plasma levels of S1P using a quadrupole time of flight (Q-Tof) based LC-MS system. Calibration curves were linear in the range of 0.05 to 2 µM. The lower limit of quantification (LOQ) was 0.05 µM. The concentration of S1P in human plasma was determined to be 1 ± 0.09 µM (n = 6). The average accuracy over the stated range of the method was found to be 100 ± 5.9% with precision at the LOQ better than 10% when predicting the calibration standards. The concentration of plasma S1P in the prepared samples was stable for 24 h at room temperature. We have demonstrated the quantification of plasma S1P using Q-Tof based LC-MS with very good sensitivity, accuracy, and precision that can used for future studies in this field. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-density lipoprotein (HDL); high-density lipoprotein; liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS); quadrupole time of flight (Q-Tof); liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS); sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) high-density lipoprotein (HDL); high-density lipoprotein; liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS); quadrupole time of flight (Q-Tof); liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS); sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Egom, E.E.; Fitzgerald, R.; Canning, R.; Pharithi, R.B.; Murphy, C.; Maher, V. Determination of Sphingosine-1-Phosphate in Human Plasma Using Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Q-Tof Mass Spectrometry. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1800.

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