Finding a Balance between Protection and Pathology: The Dual Role of Perforin in Human Disease
AbstractPerforin is critical for controlling viral infection and tumor surveillance. Clinically, mutations in perforin are viewed as unfavorable, as lack of this pore-forming protein results in lethal, childhood disease, familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis type 2 (FHL 2). However, many mutations in the coding region of PRF1 are not yet associated with disease. Animal models of viral-associated blood–brain barrier (BBB) disruption and experimental cerebral malaria (ECM) have identified perforin as critical for inducing pathologic central nervous system CNS vascular permeability. This review focuses on the role of perforin in both protecting and promoting human disease. It concludes with a novel hypothesis that diversity observed in the PRF1 gene may be an example of selective advantage that protects an individual from perforin-mediated pathology, such as BBB disruption. View Full-Text
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Willenbring, R.C.; Johnson, A.J. Finding a Balance between Protection and Pathology: The Dual Role of Perforin in Human Disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1608.
Willenbring RC, Johnson AJ. Finding a Balance between Protection and Pathology: The Dual Role of Perforin in Human Disease. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(8):1608.Chicago/Turabian Style
Willenbring, Robin C.; Johnson, Aaron J. 2017. "Finding a Balance between Protection and Pathology: The Dual Role of Perforin in Human Disease." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 8: 1608.
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