DNA2—An Important Player in DNA Damage Response or Just Another DNA Maintenance Protein?
AbstractThe human DNA2 (DNA replication helicase/nuclease 2) protein is expressed in both the nucleus and mitochondria, where it displays ATPase-dependent nuclease and helicase activities. DNA2 plays an important role in the removing of long flaps in DNA replication and long-patch base excision repair (LP-BER), interacting with the replication protein A (RPA) and the flap endonuclease 1 (FEN1). DNA2 can promote the restart of arrested replication fork along with Werner syndrome ATP-dependent helicase (WRN) and Bloom syndrome protein (BLM). In mitochondria, DNA2 can facilitate primer removal during strand-displacement replication. DNA2 is involved in DNA double strand (DSB) repair, in which it is complexed with BLM, RPA and MRN for DNA strand resection required for homologous recombination repair. DNA2 can be a major protein involved in the repair of complex DNA damage containing a DSB and a 5′ adduct resulting from a chemical group bound to DNA 5′ ends, created by ionizing radiation and several anticancer drugs, including etoposide, mitoxantrone and some anthracyclines. The role of DNA2 in telomere end maintenance and cell cycle regulation suggests its more general role in keeping genomic stability, which is impaired in cancer. Therefore DNA2 can be an attractive target in cancer therapy. This is supported by enhanced expression of DNA2 in many cancer cell lines with oncogene activation and premalignant cells. Therefore, DNA2 can be considered as a potential marker, useful in cancer therapy. DNA2, along with PARP1 inhibition, may be considered as a potential target for inducing synthetic lethality, a concept of killing tumor cells by targeting two essential genes. View Full-Text
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Pawłowska, E.; Szczepanska, J.; Blasiak, J. DNA2—An Important Player in DNA Damage Response or Just Another DNA Maintenance Protein? Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1562.
Pawłowska E, Szczepanska J, Blasiak J. DNA2—An Important Player in DNA Damage Response or Just Another DNA Maintenance Protein? International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(7):1562.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pawłowska, Elzbieta; Szczepanska, Joanna; Blasiak, Janusz. 2017. "DNA2—An Important Player in DNA Damage Response or Just Another DNA Maintenance Protein?" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 7: 1562.
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