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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(7), 1465; doi:10.3390/ijms18071465

The Roles of β-Integrin of Chinese Shrimp (Fenneropenaeus chinensis) in WSSV Infection

1
Laboratory of Pathology and Immunology of Aquatic Animals, Ocean University of China, 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao 266003, China
2
Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, No. 1 Wenhai Road, Aoshanwei Town, Jimo, Qingdao 266071, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 April 2017 / Revised: 28 June 2017 / Accepted: 3 July 2017 / Published: 7 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Our previous study demonstrated that an integrin β subunit of Chinese shrimp (Fenneropenaeus chinensis) (FcβInt) plays an important role in white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection. In the present work, in order to further elucidate the potential role of FcβInt in WSSV infection, the recombinant extracellular domain of β integringene of F. Chinensis (rFcβInt-ER) was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3), and the eukaryotic expression plasmid PcDNA3.1-FcβInt-ER (PFcβInt-ER) was also constructed. Far-western blotting was performed to determine the binding specificity of rFcβInt-ER to WSSV envelope proteins, and results showed that rFcβInt-ER was able to specifically interact with rVP31, rVP37, rVP110 and rVP187. Moreover, the blocking effects of mouse anti-rFcβint-ER antibodies were both detected in vivo and in vitro. The ELISA and Dot-blotting in vitro assays both showed that mouse anti-rFcβInt-ER antibodies could partially block the binding of WSSV to the hemocyte membrane of F. chinensis. In the in vivo assays, the mortality of shrimp injected with WSSV mixed with anti-rFcβInt-ER antibodies was delayed, and was lower than in the control group. While the shrimp were intramuscularly injected with PFcβInt-ER, transcripts of PFcβInt-ER could be detected in different shrimp tissues within 7 days, and the mortality of shrimp injected with PFcβInt-ER was also delayed and lower compared with the control group post WSSV challenge. Furthermore, gene silencing technology was also used to verify the effect of FcβInt in WSSV infection, and results showed that the expression levels of the WSSV immediate early gene iel, early gene wsv477, and late gene VP28 and the mortality of F. Chinensis were all significantly decreased in the FcβInt knock-down hemocyctes compared to the control group. Taken together, these results suggest that FcβInt plays important roles in WSSV infection. View Full-Text
Keywords: β-integrin; Fenneropenaeus chinensis; white spot syndrome virus; blocking assay; gene silence β-integrin; Fenneropenaeus chinensis; white spot syndrome virus; blocking assay; gene silence
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Tang, X.; Zhai, F.; Sheng, X.; Xing, J.; Zhan, W. The Roles of β-Integrin of Chinese Shrimp (Fenneropenaeus chinensis) in WSSV Infection. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1465.

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