Abscopal Activation of Microglia in Embryonic Fish Brain Following Targeted Irradiation with Heavy-Ion Microbeam
AbstractMicroglia remove apoptotic cells by phagocytosis when the central nervous system is injured in vertebrates. Ionizing irradiation (IR) induces apoptosis and microglial activation in embryonic midbrain of medaka (Oryzias latipes), where apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is upregulated in the later phase of activation of microglia In this study, we found that another microglial marker, l-plastin (lymphocyte cytosolic protein 1), was upregulated at the initial phase of the IR-induced phagocytosis when activated microglia changed their morphology and increased motility to migrate. We further conducted targeted irradiation to the embryonic midbrain using a collimated microbeam of carbon ions (250 μm diameter) and found that the l-plastin upregulation was induced only in the microglia located in the irradiated area. Then, the activated microglia might migrate outside of the irradiated area and spread through over the embryonic brain, expressing ApoE and with activated morphology, for longer than 3 days after the irradiation. These findings suggest that l-plastin and ApoE can be the biomarkers of the activated microglia in the initial and later phase, respectively, in the medaka embryonic brain and that the abscopal and persisted activation of microglia by IR irradiation could be a cause of the abscopal and/or adverse effects following irradiation. View Full-Text
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Yasuda, T.; Kamahori, M.; Nagata, K.; Watanabe-Asaka, T.; Suzuki, M.; Funayama, T.; Mitani, H.; Oda, S. Abscopal Activation of Microglia in Embryonic Fish Brain Following Targeted Irradiation with Heavy-Ion Microbeam. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1428.
Yasuda T, Kamahori M, Nagata K, Watanabe-Asaka T, Suzuki M, Funayama T, Mitani H, Oda S. Abscopal Activation of Microglia in Embryonic Fish Brain Following Targeted Irradiation with Heavy-Ion Microbeam. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(7):1428.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yasuda, Takako; Kamahori, Miyuki; Nagata, Kento; Watanabe-Asaka, Tomomi; Suzuki, Michiyo; Funayama, Tomoo; Mitani, Hiroshi; Oda, Shoji. 2017. "Abscopal Activation of Microglia in Embryonic Fish Brain Following Targeted Irradiation with Heavy-Ion Microbeam." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 7: 1428.
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